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Die Vögel Afrikas (1900) (20949449585), Thamnolaea coronata, ♂

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis: Sarcopterygii
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Muscicapoidea

Familia: Muscicapidae
Genus: Thamnolaea
Species: Thamnolaea coronata
Subspecies: T. c. bambarae – T. c. cavernicola – T. c. coronata

Thamnolaea coronata Reichenow, 1902

Ornithologische Monatsberichte 10: 157.

Vernacular names
English: White-crowned cliff chat
français: Traquet couronné
Nederlands: Witnekkliftapuit

The white-crowned cliff chat (Thamnolaea coronata) is a species of chat in the family Muscicapidae which occurs in rocky habitats in much of western Sub-Saharan Africa.


There are three subspecies of which only the nominate subspecies has the white crown, which is also individually variable in extent and sometimes limited to a few white feathers. The males are black above with white shoulder epaulets. The epaulets are largest in the subspecies T. c. cavernicola, smaller in T. c. bambarae, and variable but sometimes absent in the nominate. Males of all subspecies have rufous plumage on the belly and vent. A pale bar separates the breast from the rest of the underparts on T. c. cavernicola, but is lacking on T. c. bambarae, and wider on the nominate subspecies, T. c. coronata. Additionally, T. c. cavernicola has a rufous rump. The females are similar to males but duller, lacking any white shoulder epaulets or a white band over the chest. The female of the nominate subspecies, T. c. coronata, has a paler head while the whole of her underpart plumage is rufous. Length is 20 cm.[2]

A melodious rich and far-carrying song with many mimicked phrases; often pairs duet.[2]
Distribution, subspecies and taxonomy

The three currently recognised subspecies are listed below with their distributions:[1][3]

Thamnolaea coronata bambarae Bates, 1928 ― southern Mauritania, eastern Senegal, and southwestern Mali
Thamnolaea coronata cavernicola Bates, 1933 ― central Mali in the Mopti region
Thamnolaea coronata coronata Reichenow, 1902 ― northern Ivory Coast and eastern Burkina Faso east patchily to western South Sudan

It is sometimes considered a subspecies of the mocking cliff chat,[3] especially since many male birds, including individuals of the nominate subspecies, T. c. coronata, do not have the distinctive white crown.[2]
Habitat and habits

The white-crowned cliff chat is found in inselbergs, cliffs, and escarpments in savanna.[2]

Usually seen in pairs. Often slowly raises and lowers its tail, fanning it as it raises it vertically over the bird's back.[2]

"Thamnolaea coronata Reichenow, 1902". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) ( Retrieved 2016-11-20.
Borrow, Nik; Demey, Ron (2001). Birds of Western Africa. A & C Black. p. 615. ISBN 0-7136-3959-8.
"Mocking Cliff-chat (Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris)". HBW Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 2016-11-20.

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