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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Thraupis
Species: Thraupis palmarum
Subspecies: T. p. atripennis – T. p. melanoptera – T. p. palmarum – T. p. violilavata
Name

Thraupis palmarum (Wied-Neuwied, 1821)

Type locality: Canavieiras, Bahia, Brazil.

Synonyms

Tanagra palmarum (protonym)
Thaupis palmarum (orth. err.)
Tangara palmarum (Wied-Neuwied, 1821) [acc. HBW]
Tanagra olivascens Lichtenstein, 1823

References

Wied-Neuwied, M. zu 1820-1821. Reise nach Brasilien in den Jahren; 1815 bis 1817. Frankfurt a.M. H.L. Brönne. Vol.1 BHL. 1820: vi + 376 pp. + 1 (unnumbered), 1 map. Vol.2 BHL. 1821: xviii + 345 pp. + 1 (unnumbered), 16 plates, 1 map. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.85967Reference page. Original description p. 76 BHL

Vernacular names
čeština: tangara palmová
dansk: Palmetangar
Deutsch: Palmentangare
English: Palm Tanager
español: Tangara palmera
suomi: palmutangara
français: Tangara des palmiers
Avañe'ẽ: Sai hovy
italiano: Tangara delle palme
日本語: ヤシフウキンチョウ, haiirofuukinchou
Nederlands: Palmtangare
norsk: Palmetanagar
polski: tanagra palmowa
português do Brasil: Sanhaçu-do-coqueiro
português: Sanhaço-do-coqueiro
русский: Пальмовая танагра
slovenčina: tangara palmová
svenska: Palmtangara
中文: 棕榈裸鼻雀

The palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident breeder from Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil.[2][3] It also breeds on Trinidad and, since 1962, on Tobago. In Trinidad and Tobago, it is known by colloquial names such as the "palmiste" and the "green jean".[4]

Description

Adult palm tanagers are 19 cm (7.5 in) long and weigh 36 g (1.3 oz). They are grey to dull olive-green. The flight feathers are blackish, and the long tail is blackish edged with green. A yellow wingbar shows in flight. Sexes are similar, although females may be somewhat paler.
Range and habitat

It occurs in semi-open areas including cultivation and gardens. The bulky cup nest is built in a tree, usually a palm, or under the eaves of a house, and the female incubates three, sometimes two, brown-blotched cream eggs for 14 days, with another 17 days to fledging.
Behavior

Palm tanagers are social, restless but unwary birds which eat a wide variety of small fruit. They also regularly take some nectar and insects, including caterpillars. The song is fast and squeaky.
References

BirdLife International (2012). "Thraupis palmarum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
"Thraupis palmarum Wied-Neuwied, 1821". www.gbif.org. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
Hilty, Steven L., 1945- (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5. OCLC 51031554.
Ffrench, Richard. (1991). A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago. O'Neill, John P., 1942-, Eckelberry, Don R. (2nd ed.). Ithaca, N.Y.: Comstock Pub. Associates. ISBN 0-8014-2567-0. OCLC 23016733.

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