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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordines: Furnariida - Thamnophilida - Tyrannida


Vernacular names

Tyrannides (New World suboscines) is a clade of passerine birds that are endemic of America.[1] This group is divided into two clades (Furnariida and Tyrannida) that contain eleven families.[2][3] The families listed here are those recognised by the International Ornithologists' Union (IOC).[4]

Pipridae: manakins
Cotingidae: cotingas
Tityridae: tityras, sharpbill, becards (includes Oxyruncus and Onychorhynchus)
Tyrannidae: tyrant-flycatchers (includes Piprites, Platyrinchus, Tachuris and Rhynchocyclus)
Melanopareiidae: crescent chests
Conopophagidae: gnateaters and gnatpittas
Thamnophilidae: antbirds
Grallariidae: antpittas
Rhinocryptidae: tapaculos
Formicariidae: antthrushes
Furnariidae: ovenbirds and woodcreepers (includes Dendrocolaptidae)

Phylogenetic relationships of the Tyrannides based on Oliveros et al. (2019):[3]


Pipridae (manakins)

Cotingidae (cotingas)

Tityridae (titras, becards)

Tyrannidae (tyrant flycatchers)


Melanopareiidae (crescent chests)

Conopophagidae (gnateaters)

Thamnophilidae (antbirds)

Grallariidae (antpittas)

Rhinocryptidae (tapaculos)

Formicariidae (antthrushes)

Furnariidae (ovenbirds)


Ohlson, J.I. et al. (2013) Phylogeny and classification of the New World suboscines (Aves, Passeriformes). Zootaxa, 3613:1-35. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3613.1.1.
Selvatti, A.P. et al. (2015) A Paleogene origin for crown passerines and the diversification of the Oscines in the New World. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 88:1-15.
Oliveros, C.H.; et al. (2019). "Earth history and the passerine superradiation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 116 (16): 7916–7925. doi:10.1073/pnas.1813206116. PMC 6475423. PMID 30936315.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Family Index". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 24 April 2020.

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