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Xolmis cinereus

Xolmis cinereus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Tyrannida

Familia: Tyrannidae
Subfamilia: Fluvicolinae
Genus: Nengetus
Species: Nengetus cinereus
Subspecies: N. c. cinereus – N. c. pepoaza

Nengetus cinereus (Vieillot, 1816)

Type locality: South America


Tyrannus cinereus (protonym)
Xolmis cinerea (Vieillot, 1816)
Xolmis cinereus (Vieillot, 1816)
Tyrannus nengeta Swainson, 1826 Q.Jl.Sci.Lit.Arts p. 279 BHL
Taenioptera holospodia P.L. Sclater, 1888 PZS p. 47 BHL

Primary references

Vieillot, L.J.P. 1816. Analyse d'une nouvelle ornithologie élémentaire. 70 pp. Paris: Deterville. Original description p. 68 BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Ohlson, J.I., Irestedt, M., Batalha-Filho, H., Ericson. P.G.P. & Fjeldså, J. 2020. A revised classification of the fluvicoline tyrant flycatchers (Passeriformes, Tyrannidae, Fluvicolinae) Zootaxa 4747(1): 167-176 DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4747.1.7 Open access Reference page.
Chesser, R.T., Harvey, M.G., Brumfield, R.T. & Derryberry, E.T. 2020. A revised classification of the Xolmiini (Aves: Tyrannidae: Fluvicolinae), including a new genus for Muscisaxicola fluviatilis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 133(1):35-48 DOI: 10.2988/20-00005 Paywall Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Gray monjita
español: Monjita gris
português: Primavera

The grey monjita (Nengetus cinereus) is a species of bird in the family Tyrannidae that is the only member of the genus Nengetus. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Uruguay. Its natural habitats are dry savanna, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and pastureland.

This species was formerly placed in the genus Xolmis but was moved to the resurrected genus Nengetus following the publication of a genetic analysis in 2020.[2][3][4]
File:Xolmis cinereus -Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo, Brazil -nest-8.ogvPlay media
Adult feeding insects to chicks in a nest built on a ledge on a building in São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil


BirdLife International (2012). "Xolmis cinereus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
Chesser, R.T.; Harvey, M.H.; Brumfield, R.T.; Derryberry, E.P. (2020). "A revised classification of the Xolmiini (Aves: Tyrannidae: Fluvicolinae), including a new genus for Muscisaxicola fluviatilis". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 133 (1): 35–48. doi:10.2988/20-00005.
Areta, Nacho; Pearman, Mark (September 2020). "Proposal 885: Revise the generic classification of the Xolmiini". South American Classification Committee, American Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 July 2021.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Tyrant flycatchers". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 July 2021.

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