Fine Art

Chaerephon ansorgei

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Cladus: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Cohort: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Ordo: Chiroptera
Subordo: Microchiroptera
Superfamilia: Molossoidea

Familia: Molossidae
Subfamilia: Molossinae
Genus: Chaerephon
Species: Chaerephon ansorgei

Chaerephon ansorgei Thomas, 1913

Type locality: Angola, Malange.

rhodesiae Roberts, 1946


Thomas, 1913. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, ser. 8, 11: 318.
Conservation status: IUCN: Chaerephon ansorgei (Least Concern)
Chaerephon ansorgei in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.


Nigeria and Cameroon to Ethiopia, south to Angola and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa)

Vernacular names
English: Ansorge's Free-tailed Bat.

Ansorge's free-tailed bat (Chaerephon ansorgei) is a species of bat in the family Molossidae native to sub-Saharan Africa. It is named for W.J. Ansorge, who collected the first formally described specimen.


Ansorge's free-tailed bat is one of the smaller members of its genus, measuring 7 to 12 cm (2.8 to 4.7 in) in total length, and with a wingspan of about 33 cm (13 in). Adults weigh an average of 16 g (0.56 oz), although males are slightly heavier than females. The fur is short, chocolate brown on the upper parts of the body, and lighter brown beneath. The fur on the throat is darker than on the rest of the body, sometimes almost blackish in colour, especially in males.[2]

The wings are adapted for fast flight, rather than manoeuvrability, and have light brown, translucent, membranes. There is a smooth pad at the base of the first wing finger, which may help the bat when it is climbing. About two thirds of the 4 cm (1.6 in) tail extends beyond the margin of the uropatagium. The ears are only moderately long, but are broad, and can be laid flat against the head when the bat is flying. The lips are wrinkled at rest, but are stretched outward during flight, so as to be able to catch a greater number of insects.[2]
Distribution and habitat

In the north, Ansorge's free-tailed bat is found in a belt from Ivory Coast in the west to Ethiopia in the east, and across east Africa from Ethiopia and South Sudan to northeastern South Africa, as well as further west through Zambia into northeastern Angola. Throughout this wide range, it is generally found only in dry woodland savannah.[1] No subspecies are recognised.
Biology and behaviour

Ansorge's free-tailed bat is nocturnal and feeds on flying insects. It uses long, high intensity, low frequency calls for echolocation,[3] and are said to be noisy, squeaking loudly when approached. In their natural habitat, they spend the day roosting in crevices in cliff faces, sometimes over 60 m (200 ft) above the ground, but they also roost in artificial structures such as beneath the roofs of houses.[2] Roosts are colonial, with several hundred bats in each group, often sharing space with Madagascan large free-tailed bats.[4]

Monadjem, A.; Cotterill, F.P.D.; Hutson, A.M.; Mickleburgh, S.; Bergmans, W. (2017). "Chaerephon ansorgei". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T4306A22020564. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T4306A22020564.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
Bouchard, S. (2001). "Chaerephon ansorgei" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 660: 1–3. doi:10.1644/1545-1410(2001)660<0001:ca>;2.
Fenton, M.B.; Bell, G.P. (1981). "Recognition of species of insectivorous bats by their echolocation calls". Journal of Mammalogy. 62 (2): 233–243. doi:10.2307/1380701. JSTOR 1380701.
Cotterill, F.D.P.; Fergusson, R.A. (1993). "Capturing freetailed bats (Chiroptera: Molossidae): the description of a new trapping device". Journal of Zoology. 231 (4): 645–651. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1993.tb01945.x.

Mammals Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World