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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Cladus: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Cohort: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Ordo: Chiroptera
Subordo: Microchiroptera
Superfamilia: Molossoidea

Familia: Molossidae
Subfamilia: Molossinae
Genus: Chaerephon
Species: Chaerephon solomonis

Chaerephon solomonis Troughton, 1931

Type locality: Solomon Islands, South-West coast of Ysabel Island.

Troughton, 1931. Proceedings of the Linn. Soc. N.S.W., 56: 201.
Conservation status: IUCN: Chaerephon solomonis (Near Threatened)
Chaerephon solomonis in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.

Vernacular names
English: Solomons Mastiff Bat.

The Solomons mastiff bat (Chaerephon solomonis) is a species of bat in the family Molossidae. It is endemic to the Solomon Islands.

Taxonomy and etymology

It was described as a new species by Australian mammalogist Ellis Le Geyt Troughton in 1931.[2] Troughton likely chose the species name "solomonis" because this species was first discovered on the Solomon Islands. It is sometimes classified as a subspecies of the northern freetail bat, Chaerephon jobensis.[3] The genus Chaerephon was formerly considered a subgenus of or synonymous with the genus Tadarida, meaning that this species has been known as Tadarida jobensis solomonis or Tadarida solomonis.[4][5]

Its forearm is 40.5–45 mm (1.59–1.77 in). In total, its head and body are 63–68 mm (2.5–2.7 in) long, while its tail is 35–36 mm (1.4–1.4 in) long. Its fur is a rich, auburn brown, with white hairs interspersed infrequently. Its tragus is lobed and broad at the tip.[2]
Range and habitat

Its range is currently known to include Choiseul Island and Santa Isabel Island, both of which are part of the Solomon Islands.[5]

It is evaluated as endangered by the IUCN.[1]

Pennay, M.; Leary, T. (2020). "Chaerephon solomonis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T4320A22017829. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-2.RLTS.T4320A22017829.en. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
Troughton, Ellis. "Three new bats of the genera Pteropus, Nyctimene, and Chaerephon from Melanesia". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. 56: 207–209.
Koopman, K.F. (1993). "Order Chiroptera". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Washington, D. C., USA: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 137–241.
Jackson, S.; Jackson, S. M.; Groves, C. (2015). Taxonomy of Australian mammals. Csiro Publishing. p. 259. ISBN 9781486300136.
Hamilton, S. (2014). "Chaerephon solomonis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2014: e.T4320A67362737. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T4320A67362737.en.

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