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Chaeropus ecaudatus

Chaeropus ecaudatus (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Cladus: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Metatheria
Cohort: Marsupialia
Ordo: Peramelemorphia

Familia: †Chaeropodidae
Genus: †Chaeropus
Species: †Chaeropus ecaudatus
Subspecies (2): †C. e. ecaudatus – †C. e. occidentalis

†Chaeropus ecaudatus (Ogilby, 1838)

Holotype: AM PA422 (previously AM Bennett’s Cat. 35), juvenile ♀ skull, collected by Sir Thomas Mitchell.

Type locality: “banks of the River Murray[, south of the junction with Murrumbridge River] … in the interior of New South Wales”, Australia.

Perameles ecaudatus Ogilby, 1838: 25 [original combination]
Choeropus [sic] ecaudatus — Waterhouse, 1841: 163 [subsequent combination]

Primary references

Ogilby, W. 1838. On a new species of marsupial animal by Major Mitchell on the banks of the Murray River in New South Wales. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 6: 25–27. BHL

Additional references

Travouillon, K.J., Simões, B.F., Miguez, R.P., Brace, S., Brewer, P., Stemmer, D., Price, G.J., Cramb, J. & Louys, J. 2019. Hidden in plain sight: reassessment of the pig-footed bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus (Peramelemorphia, Chaeropodidae), with a description of a new species from central australia, and use of the fossil record to trace its past distribution. Zootaxa 4566(1): 1–69. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4566.1.1. Reference page.


Chaeropus ecaudatus in Mammal Species of the World.
Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (Editors) 2005. Mammal Species of the World – A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third edition. ISBN 0-8018-8221-4.
Burbidge, A.A. & Woinarski, J. 2016. IUCN: Chaeropus ecaudatus (Extinct). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T4322A21965168. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T4322A21965168.en

Vernacular names
English: Southern Pig-footed Bandicoot
日本語: ブタアシバンディクート
Türkçe: Domuz ayaklı bandikut
中文: 豚足袋狸

The southern pig-footed bandicoot (Chaeropus ecaudatus) was a small species of herbivorous marsupial in the genus Chaeropus, the pig-footed bandicoots.

The description of the population was revised in 2019, separating a central western population as Chaeropus yirratji and recognised two earlier descriptions as subspecies Chaeropus ecaudatus ecaudatus (found in southeastern Australia) and Chaeropus ecaudatus occidentalis (found in western and southwestern Australia).[2]

It has been believed to be extinct since the mid-20th century, having reportedly vanished from its final refuge in southern Australia by 1945.[3] It was presumably the first of the two species of Chaeropus to go extinct. Even though, the pig footed-bandicoot went extinct they were the only marsupials to walk on reduced digits both on the fore and hind feet. In addition, the pig footed-bandicoot diverges from two different species. According to molecular phylogenetic analyses they diverged from other bandicoots like the Peramelidae, and also from the bilbies like Thylacomyidae in the mid-Late Oligocene.[4]

It is thought to have been distributed in shrubland habitats in the southern regions of Australia's deserts, and its range likely extended to Western Australia. It physically closely resembled the northern pig-footed bandicoot (C. yirratji), but it had fewer holes on its palate and shorter feet. It also had a different dentition than C. yirratji, indicating that it may have had a different diet. C. ecaudatus rapidly adapted to drying conditions and changing environment, quickly becoming a grazer in a short period of time C. ecaudatus is thought to have undergone rapid herbivorous evolution due to lesser high crown and lateral blade development on the lower molars found in an ancestral species, Chaeropus baynesi.[4] The two species were formerly considered conspecific until a study released in 2019 found them to be separate species.[5][6] This species likely went extinct due to predation by introduced red foxes and feral cats, as well as habitat degradation by introduced livestock.[7]

Burbidge, A.A.; Woinarski, J. (2016). "Chaeropus ecaudatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T4322A21965168. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T4322A21965168.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
"New species of extinct pig-footed bandicoot described from Australia". Retrieved 2019-03-14.
Francis Harper (1945). Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Old World. New York, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection.
Travouillon, Kenny J. "Oldest Fossil Remains of the Enigmatic Pig-Footed Bandicoot Show Rapid Herbivorous Evolution". Royal Society Open Science, vol. 3, no. 8, 2016, p. 160089., doi:10.1098/rsos.160089.
"WA and UK researchers discover new species of extinct Australian mammal". Western Australian Museum. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
Louys, Julien; Cramb, Jonathan; Price, Gilbert J.; Stemmer, David; Brewer, Philippa; Brace, Selina; Miguez, Roberto Portela; Simões, Bruno F.; Travouillon, Kenny J. (2019-03-13). "Hidden in plain sight: reassessment of the pig-footed bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus (Peramelemorphia, Chaeropodidae), with a description of a new species from central australia, and use of the fossil record to trace its past distribution". Zootaxa. 4566 (1): zootaxa.4566.1.1. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4566.1.1. ISSN 1175-5334. PMID 31716448.
"The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 2019-03-14.

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