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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Theriodontia
Subordo: Cynodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Eutheria
Magnordo: Epitheria
Superordo: Afrotheria
Cladus: Paenungulata
Ordo: Proboscidea
Subordo: Elephantiformes
Cladus: Elephantimorpha
Cladus: Elephantida
Superfamilia: Elephantoidea

Familia: †Stegodontidae
Genera: Stegodon – Stegolophodon

Stegodontidae Osborn, 1918

Jeheskel Shoshani, Pascal Tassy (2005) Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior. Quaternary International. 126–128: 5–20. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011

Stegodontidae is an extinct family of Stegodon-like proboscideans that was endemic to Africa and Asia from the Miocene (15.97 mya)[1] to the Late Pleistocene, with some studies suggesting that some survived into the Holocene in China (until as recently as 4.1 thousand years ago),[2] although this is disputed.[3]

Stegodontidae was named by Osborn (1918). It was assigned to Mammutoidea by Carroll (1988); to Elephantoidea by Lambert and Shoshani (1998); and to Elephantoidea by Shoshani et al. (2006).[4][5] It contains two of extinct elephant-like genera:




Like all Proboscideans, the clade's position is uncertain: Some authors place it as a daughter clade under the Elephantidae, while others make the Stegodontidae a sister-clade to the Elephantidae.

"Stegodontidae basic info". Paleobiology database.
Saegusa, H. (2001). Comparisons of Stegodon and Elephantid Abundances in the Late Pleistocene of Southern China (PDF). The World of Elephants – Second International Congress. Rome. pp. 345–349. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2006.
Turvey, Samuel T.; Tong, Haowen; Stuart, Anthony J.; Lister, Adrian M. (2013). "Holocene survival of Late Pleistocene megafauna in China: A critical review of the evidence". Quaternary Science Reviews. 76: 156–166. Bibcode:2013QSRv...76..156T. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.030.
R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York 1-698
J. Shoshani, R. C. Walter, M. Abraha, S. Berhe, P. Tassy, W. J. Sanders, G. H. Marchant, Y. Libsekal, T. Ghirmai and D. Zinner. 2006. A proboscidean from the late Oligocene of Eritrea, a "missing link" between early Elephantiformes and Elephantimorpha, and biogeographic implications. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(46)

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