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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Cladus: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Subordo: Cryptodira
Superfamilia: Testudinoidea

Familia: Emydidae
Subfamilia: Emydinae
Genera: Actinemys - Clemmys - Emydoidea - Emys - Glyptemys - Terrapene


Emydinae McDowell, 1964

Fritz, U.; Schmidt, C.; Ernst, C.H. 2011: Competing generic concepts for Blanding’s, Pacific and European pond turtles (Emydoidea, Actinemys and Emys) – which is best? Zootaxa, 2791: 41–53. Preview PDF

Vernacular names
日本語: ヌマガメ亜科
ไทย: วงศ์ย่อยเต่าแก้มแดง

The Emydinae are a subfamily of turtles in the family Emydidae.

The genera of the Emydinae remain unresolved, with Actinemys and Emydoidea being used in some publications.[1]

Subfamily Emydinae[2]

Clemmys guttata


Glyptemys muhlenbergii

Glyptemys insculpta


Terrapene carolina

Terrapene coahuila

Terrapene ornata


Emys orbicularis

Emys marmorata

Emys blandingii

All four Emydinae genera are present in this abbreviated cladogram (the species Emys trinacris is not shown).[3]

Image Genus Living species
Clemmys Ritgen, 1828
  • Clemmys guttata - spotted turtle
Emys A.M.C. Duméril, 1805
  • Emys orbicularis – European pond turtle
  • Emys trinacris – Sicilian pond turtle
Emydoidea Holbrook, 1838
  • Emydoidea blandingii - Blanding's turtle
Actinemys Agassiz, 1857
  • Actinemys marmorata - western pond turtle
  • Actinemys pallida - southwestern pond turtle
Glyptemys Agassiz, 1857
  • Glyptemys insculpta
  • Glyptemys muhlenbergii
Terrapene Merrem, 1820
  • Common box turtle, Terrapene carolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Florida box turtle, Terrapene carolina bauri Taylor, 1895
    • Eastern box turtle, Terrapene carolina carolina (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Gulf Coast box turtle, Terrapene carolina major (Agassiz, 1857)
    • Terrapene carolina putnami O.P. Hay, 1906 (extinct)
    • Three-toed box turtle, Terrapene carolina triunguis (Agassiz, 1857)
  • Coahuilan box turtle, Terrapene coahuila Schmidt & Owens, 1944
  • Mexican box turtle, Terrapene mexicana (Gray, 1849)
  • Spotted box turtle, Terrapene nelsoni Stejneger, 1925
    • Northern spotted box turtle, Terrapene nelsoni klauberi Bogert, 1943
    • Southern spotted box turtle, Terrapene nelsoni nelsoni Stejneger, 1925
  • Western box turtle, Terrapene ornata, (Agassiz, 1857)
    • Ornate box turtle, Terrapene ornata ornata (Agassiz, 1857)
    • Desert box turtle, Terrapene ornata luteola H.M. Smith & Ramsey, 1952
  • Yucatán box turtle, Terrapene yucatana (Boulenger, 1895)


Rhodin 2010, pp. 000.138–000.139
Bickham 2007, p. 81

Bickham 2007, p. 82


Bickham, John; Parham, James; Philippen, Hans-Dieter; Rhodin, Andres; Shaffer, Bradley; Spinks, Phillip; Van Dijk, Peter Paul (2007). "Turtle Taxonomy: Methodology, Recommendations, and Guidelines" (PDF). Chelonian Research Monographs: 73–84. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
Rhodin, Anders G.J.; van Dijk, Peter Paul; Inverson, John B.; Shaffer, H. Bradley (2010-12-14). "Turtles of the World 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution and Conservation Status" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2010-12-15.

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