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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Ostariophysi
Ordo: Siluriformes
Familia: Loricariidae
Subfamilia: Hypostominae
Tribus: Corymbophanini
Genus: Corymbophanes

Corymbophanes is a genus of catfish (order Siluriformes) from the family Loricariidae. Corymbophanes is the only genus within the tribe Corymbophanini.


Corymbophanes and its type species, C. andersoni, were first described in 1909 by Carl H. Eigenmann.[2] In 2000, they were redescribed along with the description of a new species, C. kaiei.[3] In 2004, the tribe Corymbophanini was erected.[1]

Corymbophanes represents an old lineage as it lacks many of the characteristics of the rest of the subfamily Hypostominae. This group probably has a basal position within the subfamily.[3]
Distribution and habitat

Corymbophanes species originate from the upper Potaro River of the Essequibo River drainage system. C. andersoni is only known from the Chenapou Falls of this river. C. kaiei is only known from the Oung Creek, a small tributary of the Potaro River drainage. Neither of these species are found downstream of the Kaieteur Falls.[3] Corymbophanes species live in swift riffles over gravel and cobble and among submerged logs.[3]
Appearance and anatomy

Like other Loricariids, Corymbophanes species have plates of armor on their body and a suckermouth. Small odontodes are also present along their body.[3] This genus can be distinguished from all other Loricariids by the presences of a dorsal ridge formed by plates between the dorsal fin and the caudal fin, the absence of the adipose fin, as well as the absence of the omega iris that most loricariids possess.[3] Corymbophanes species do not have evertible cheek plates and do not hypertrophied cheek odontodes which are present in many other loricariid species, which differentiates it from the few species that possess the aforementioend ridge.[1]

Species of this genus do not get very large; C. andersoni does not exceed 8.6 centimetres (3.4 in) and C. kaiei does not exceed 6.6 cm (2.6 in).[2][4] These fish are dark brown to black with white or cream-colored markings.[3] C. kaiei has alternating light and dark bands on its caudal fin; also, this species has a dark-colored abdomen with light vermiculations in adults. By contrast, C. andersoni has no bands on the caudal fin, has no vermiculations, and the abdomen is light-colored.[3]

1. ^ a b c Armbruster, Jonathan W.. "Corymbophanes". http://www.auburn.edu/academic/science_math/res_area/loricariid/fish_key/Corymb/corymb.html. Retrieved 2007-05-06.
2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Corymbophanes andersoni" in FishBase. May 2007 version.
3. ^ a b c d e f g h Armbruster, Jonathan W.; Sabaj, Mark H.: Hardman, Michael; Page, Lawrence M.; Knouft, Jason H. (2000). "Catfish Genus Corymbophanes (Loricariidae: Hypostominae) with Description of One New Species: Corymbophanes kaiei" (PDF). Copeia 2000 (4): 997–1006. doi:10.1643/0045-8511(2000)000[0997:CGCLHW]2.0.CO;2. http://www.bioone.org/archive/0045-8511/2000/4/pdf/i0045-8511-2000-4-997.pdf.
4. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Corymbophanes kaiei" in FishBase. May 2007 version.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License