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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia baxteri

Acacia baxteri Benth., 1842

Racosperma baxteri (Benth.) Pedley


Acacia baxteri Meisn. = Acacia congesta Benth.

Native distribution areas:
Acacia baxteri

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G., 1842. London Journal of Botany. London 1:327.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia baxteri in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia baxteri. Published online. Accessed: Jul 26 2019. 2019. Acacia baxteri. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 26.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia baxteri. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 26 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia baxteri in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Baxter's Wattle

Acacia baxteri, commonly known as Baxter's wattle, is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae, and is endemic to the south west of Western Australia.

The compact and pungent shrub typically grows to a height of 0.2 to 1 metre (1 to 3 ft). It blooms from September to December and produces yellow flowers.[4] The shrub has rigid, striate-ribbed and glabrous branchlets. The thick rigid phyllodes are sessile, with a narrowly linear to oblong-elliptic shape and are around 10 to 25 millimetres (0.39 to 0.98 in) in length with a width of 1 to 4 mm (0.04 to 0.16 in). There is one simple inflorescence per axil with globular flower heads containing 30 to 50 flowers. After flowering curved woody red-brown seed pods form that are up to 6.5 millimetres (0.26 in) long and 3 to 5 mm (0.12 to 0.20 in). The grey-brown seeds have an oblong shape and are 5 to 6 mm (0.20 to 0.24 in) in length.

The species was first formally described by the botanist George Bentham in 1842 in the work Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species. as published in London Journal of Botany.[1][2] There are two recognised synonyms for A. baxteri; Acacia bagsteri as described by George Bentham and Racosperma baxteri as described by Leslie Pedley.[5]

It is closely related to Acacia andrewsii and has phyllodes that are quite similar to Acacia unifissilis.[6]

The species epithet, baxteri, commemorates Bagster[2] (William Baxter).[7]

It is native to an area in the Wheatbelt and the Great Southern regions of Western Australia.[4] The population is disjucnct with most found between Ongerup and Albany with scattered populations found further north. The shrub is commonly found s part of Eucalyptus woodlands or open mallee heath communities.[6]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia baxteri". Australian Plant Name Index, IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
Bentham, G. in Hooker, W.J. (1842) Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species. London Journal of Botany 1:327
"DOI Details". doi:10.26197/5c0b1388984eb. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
"Acacia baxteri". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Acacia baxteri Benth". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
"Acacia baxteri". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 19 August 2018.
CHAH Biographical notes: Baxter, William (? - 1836)

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