Fine Art

Acacia brownii

Acacia brownii (Photo: * )

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia brownii

Acacia brownii (Poir.) Steud., 1821

Acacia arceuthos Spreng.
Acacia juniperina var. brownii (Poir.) Benth.
Acacia ulicifolia var. brownii (Poir.) Pedley
Mimosa brownii Poir.
Racosperma brownii (Steud.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia brownii

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Steudel, E. 1821. Nomenclator botanicus enumerans ordine alphabetico nomina atque synonyma tum generica tum specifica et a Linnaeo et recentioribus de re botanica scriptoribus plantis phanerogamis imposita. Vol. 1. XVII+900 pp. Sumtibus I. G. Cottae, Stuttgardtiae [Stuttgart] & Tubingae [Tübingen]. BHL Reference page. : 2.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia brownii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia brownii. Published online. Accessed: Jul 27 2019. 2019. Acacia brownii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 27.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia brownii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 27 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia brownii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Heath Wattle, Prickly Moses

Acacia brownii, commonly known as heath wattle, is an erect or spreading shrub which is endemic to eastern Australia.[2]


It typically grows to a height 0.3 to 1 m (1 ft 0 in to 3 ft 3 in) in height and has glabrous to sparsely haired branchlets with subulate stipules that around 1 mm (0.039 in) high. Like most Acacias it has phyllodes instead of true leaves, the rigid, terete phyllodes that are 0.8 to 2 cm (0.31 to 0.79 in) in length and 1 mm (0.039 in) wide. The globular yellow flowerheads with a diameter of 5 to 10 mm (0.20 to 0.39 in) and containing 12 to 30 flowers appear singly in the leaf axils from August to November. Following flowering curved flat, seed pods form that are 1.5 to 8 cm (0.59 to 3.15 in) long and 3 to 5 mm (0.12 to 0.20 in) wide.[2]

The species was first formally described by Robert Brown in 1813 as Acacia acicularis, but that name had already been applied to a different species. In 1817 Poiret published Mimosa brownei as a replacement name. The current name was published by botanist Ernst Gottlieb von Steudel in 1821 as part of the work Phanerogams. Nomenclator Botanicus, citing Brown's species, but not Poiret's. It was reclassified as Racosperma brownii by Leslie Pedley in 1987 then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006. Other synonyms include; Acacia acicularis , Acacia pugioniformis , Mimosa brownei, Acacia brownei and Acacia ulicifolia var. brownii.[3] It is similar in appearance and closely related to Acacia ulicifolia, of which it was once thought to have been a variety.[4]

The species occurs on sandy or clay loam in dry sclerophyll forest, woodland or heath in southern and eastern Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland.[2] It is found throughout the Great Dividing Range from around the Grampians in Victoria in the south through New South Wales and up to around Burra Burri in Queensland.[5]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia brownii". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
"Acacia brownii". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 29 August 2009.
"Acacia brownii (Poir.) Steud". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
"Acacia brownii (Poir.) Steud. Heath Wattle". VicFlora. Royal Botanic Gardens Foundation Victoria. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
"Acacia brownii". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 23 August 2019.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World