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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia coriacea
Subspecies: A. coriacea subsp. pendens - A. coriacea subsp. sericophylla

Acacia coriacea DC., 1825

Racosperma coriaceum (DC.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia coriacea

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

De Candolle, A.P. 1825. Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, sive enumeratio contracta ordinum, generum, specierumque plantarum huc usque cognitarum, juxta methodi naturalis normas digesta. Pars 2: Sistens Calyciflorarum ordines X. 644 pp. Treuttel et Würtz, Parisiis [Paris]. BHL Reference page. : 2:451.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia coriacea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia coriacea. Published online. Accessed: Jul 30 2019. 2019. Acacia coriacea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 30.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia coriacea. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 30 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia coriacea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Desert Oak, Dogwood, Wirewood, Wiry Wattle

Acacia coriacea, commonly known as river jam, wirewood, desert oak, wiry wattle or dogwood, is a tree in the family Mimosoideae of family Fabaceae. Indigenous Australians know the plant as Gunandru.[1]

A. coriacea seed pod

River jam grows to a height of about eight metres. It usually has just one or two main trunks. Like most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are thick and leathery, between twenty and thirty centimetres long, and narrow. The flowers are yellow, and held in spherical clusters about five millimetres in diameter. The pods are usually curled up, but are around twenty centimetres long when straightened. They are greatly constricted between the seeds.[2] Indigenous Australians used the seeds of the plant as a food source.[1]

Acacia coriacea occurs throughout northern Australia, growing as a tall tree on the banks of rivers. It can also occur as a spreading, low tree behind coastal dunes and on 'spinifex' plains.[3]
Common name issues

In some parts of A. coriacea's range the common name "desert oak" is prevalent,[4] but throughout the larger part of that range this name is often applied to another tree, Allocasuarina decaisneana.[5][6]

The name "Dogwood" is used for numerous plant species in Australia and elsewhere, see Dogwood (disambiguation).

There are three subspecies.[7]

Acacia coriacea subsp. coriacea
Acacia coriacea subsp. pendens
Acacia coriacea subsp. sericophylla

Acacia coriacea var. coriacea is a synonym for Acacia coriacea subsp. coriacea.[8]

See also

List of Acacia species


David R. Harris; Gordon C. Hillman (2014). Foraging and Farming: The Evolution of Plant Exploitation. Routledge. ISBN 9781317598299.
"Acacia coriacea". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
Mitchell, A.A., Wilcox, D.G. (1988). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia. Perth: University of Western Australia Press. p. 382. ISBN 978-1-875560-22-6.
Jessop, J.P.; Toelken, H.R. (1986). Flora of South Australia Part II. State Herbarium of South Australia. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division. p. 530. ISBN 0-7243-4656-2.
Jessop, J.P., State Herbarium of South Australia; Toelken, H.R. (1986). Flora of South Australia Part I. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division. p. 109. ISBN 0-7243-4648-1.
Western Australian Herbarium. "Allocasuarina decaisneana (F.Muell.) L.A.S.Johnson Desert Oak". Department of Environment and Conservation. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
"ABRS Flora of Australia Online Search Results".

Australian Plant Name Index (APNI)

General references
Wikispecies has information related to Acacia coriacea.

"Acacia coriacea". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Acacia coriacea". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
Mitchell, A. A.; Wilcox, D. G. (1994). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia (Second and Enlarged ed.). Nedlands, Western Australia: University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 978-1-875560-22-6.

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