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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia cowleana

Acacia cowleana Tate, 1896

Acacia oligophleba Pedley
Racosperma cowleanum (Tate) Pedley
Racosperma oligophlebum (Pedley) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia cowleana

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Tate, R., 1896. Transactions, Proceedings and Report, Royal Society of South Australia 3:157, 187.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia cowleana in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia cowleana. Published online. Accessed: Jul 30 2019. 2019. Acacia cowleana. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 30.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia cowleana. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 30 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia cowleana in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Halls Creek wattle

Acacia cowleana, Halls Creek wattle,[2] is a northern Australian native shrub.[3] It is a flowering plant with yellow flowers that only open in winter.[4] Its origin is the Northern Australia's dry tropics.[5] It belongs to the genus of Acacia.


It is a small tree of height 1–7 metres (6–12 feet) with large grey phyllodes and yellow rod flowers.[6] Its bark is fibrous. The phyllodes are 80 to 200 mm long by 10–30 mm wide and curved.[3]

The shrub grows in woodlands with spinifex at Beulah Station near Enngonia.[7] Its growth is medium-fast. It easily grows from seed but has a short life span.[8] It is a reliable shrub for temperate to arid climates in reasonably well drained soils. Though not generally considered to be endangered, the species is regarded as rare in New South Wales.[3][7] It is not commonly cultivated, though it is reported to be grown in California.[3]
Aboriginal names and uses

The Walmajarri people of the Paruku IPA in the Kimberley call this wattle Parta.[9] Other aboriginal names are: Alyawarr: alerrey; Anmatyerr: alkart; Jaru: barrabi. Kaytetye: elkerte; Pintupi Luritja: kilkiti; Waramangu: kalkkarti; and Warlpiri: kalkardi, parrapi.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Vascular Plants".
"NT Flora: Acacia cowleana". Retrieved 5 November 2021.
"Acacia cowleana".
"Acacia cowleana • Australian Native Plants • Plants • 800.701.6517".
"Northern Australia – Dry Tropics • Australian Native Plants • Plants • 800.701.6517".
Western Australian Herbarium, Biodiversity and Conservation Science. "FloraBase—the Western Australian Flora".
"PlantNET - FloraOnline".
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2010. Alice Springs Town Council-Recommended Plant Database-Acacia cowleana- Growth and Notes(2nd line)
Bessie Doonday; Charmia Samuels; Evelyn (Martha) Clancy; et al. (2013). "Walmajarri plants and animals". Northern Territory Botanical Bulletin. 42: 1–242. Wikidata Q106088428.

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