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Flora of Tanzania 2761 Nevit

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia drepanocarpa
Subspecies: A. d. subsp. drepanocarpa – A. d. subsp. latifolia

Acacia drepanocarpa F.Muell., 1859

Acacia drepanocarpa subsp. latifolia Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia drepanocarpa

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Mueller, F.J.H. v., 1859. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Botany. London 3:137.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia drepanocarpa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug 01. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia drepanocarpa. Published online. Accessed: Aug 011 2019. 2019. Acacia drepanocarpa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug 01.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia drepanocarpa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Aug 01 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia drepanocarpa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names

Acacia drepanocarpa is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae native to northern Australia.


The shrub typically grows to a height of 0.9 to 4 metres (3 to 13 ft) in height. It blooms between May and August producing inflorescences with yellow flowers.[1] The resinous shrub hasp apically angular yellowish glabrous branchlets and are often scurfy and have small ridges. The evergreen linear to narrowly elliptic shaped phyllodes with a length of 2.5 to 13 cm (0.98 to 5.12 in) and a width of 1.5 to 12.5 mm (0.059 to 0.492 in). The phyllodes have three to five prominent, raised nerves.[2] The flowers-spikes produced are 1.5 to 4.5 cm (0.59 to 1.77 in) in length with pale to bright yellow flowers. The seed pods that form after flowering are flat with a linear-oblanceolate shape and around 5 to 9 cm (2.0 to 3.5 in) in length and 5.5 to 9 mm (0.22 to 0.35 in) wide. The glaborus, thick, coriaceous to thinly woody pods have oblique nerves and are crusted in resin and open elastically from the apex. The dark brown seeds are obliquely arranged with a narrowly oblong to elliptic shape with a length of 5 to 8 mm (0.20 to 0.31 in).[2]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1859 as part of the work Contributiones ad Acaciarum Australiae Cognitionem as published in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. The species is often confused with Acacia polyadenia.[3] A. drepanocarpa belongs to the Acacia stigmatophylla group.[2] There are two recognised subspecies:

Acacia drepanocarpa subsp. drepanocarpa
Acacia drepanocarpa subsp. latifolia[1]


It is found in an area of the Kimberley region of Western Australia.[1] extending into the top end of the Northern Territory and into western and central Queensland. It grows on undulating pindan plains in red sandy-gravelly soils.[1] It is distributed from south of Broome in the west to as far east as Barkley Downs Station in western Queensland.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia drepanocarpa". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Acacia drepanocarpa". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 30 July 2019.
"Acacia drepanocarpa F.Muell. (misapplied to Acacia polyadenia)". World Wide Wattle. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 30 July 2019.

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