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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia genistifolia

Acacia genistifolia Link, 1822

Acacia cuspidata A.Cunn. ex Benth.
Acacia cuspidata var. longifolia Benth.
Acacia daviesioides A.Cunn. ex G.Don
Acacia diffusa Ker Gawl.
Acacia diffusa var. cuspidata Benth.
Acacia prostrata G.Lodd.
Phyllodoce genistifolia (Link) Link
Racosperma genistifolium (Link) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia genistifolia

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Link, J.H.F., 1822. Enumeratio Plantarum Horti Regii Berolinensis Altera. Berolini [Berlin] 2:442.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia genistifolia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia genistifolia. Published online. Accessed: Aug 03 2019. 2019. Acacia genistifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug 03.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia genistifolia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Aug 03 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia genistifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Early Wattle, Spreading Wattle

Acacia genistifolia, commonly known as spreading wattle or early wattle is a species of Acacia in the family Fabaceae[1] that is native to south eastern Australia.


The small to medium-sized shrub can reach a height of around 3 m (9.8 ft). It has rigid and narrow phyllodes that are 15 to 30 mm (0.59 to 1.18 in) in length and terminate with a sharp point. It blooms between late summer and spring producing inflorescences with cream or pale yellow coloured flowers that are found in spherical shaped clusters appearing in the phyllode axils.[2] The simple inflorescences mostly occur in groups of two to four and the flower-heads contain 12 to 25 flowers. The linear thinly coriaceous seed pods that appear after flowering are raised over the seeds and have a length of 4 to 11 cm (1.6 to 4.3 in) and a width of 4 to 7 mm (0.16 to 0.28 in). The seeds found within the pods are longitudinally arranged with a length of 3.5 to 5.5 mm (0.14 to 0.22 in).[3]

The shrub is endemic to south eastern New South Wales, eastern Victoria and eastern Tasmania as a part of open forest or heath communities.[2] The plants range extends from around Dubbo in the north down through the Australian Capital Territory to the Grampians in Victoria. The species is more common in north eastern Tasmania including Bruny and Flinders Islands. It grows in many different types of soils at an altitude of less than 1,000 m (3,300 ft) as a part of dry sclerophyll forest or heathland communities.[3]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia genistifolia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
"Acacia genistifolia". Australian Native Plants Society. 2010. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
"Acacia genistifolia". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 16 August 2019.

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