Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia gonoclada

Acacia gonoclada F.Muell., 1859

Racosperma gonocladum (F.Muell.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia gonoclada

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Mueller, F.J.H. v., 1859. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Botany. London 3:140.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia gonoclada in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia gonoclada. Published online. Accessed: Aug 03 2019. 2019. Acacia gonoclada. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 03 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia gonoclada. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 03 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia gonoclada in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Ganambureng

Acacia gonoclada, also known as ganambureng,[1] is a tree or shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae that is endemic to northern Australia.


The spindly tree or shrub typically grows to a height of 0.5 to 4 metres (2 to 13 ft).[2] It has smooth, red-brown or grey coloured bark and angular olive-green to brown branchlets. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen flat phyllodes have an elliptic or oblanceolate shape with a length of 5 to 13.5 cm (2.0 to 5.3 in) and a width of 8 to 33 mm (0.31 to 1.30 in). They are narrowed and curved upwards toward the base and have two or three obvious main veins.[1] It blooms from May to September producing yellow flowers.[2] The cylindrical flower-spikes occur singly or in pairs and are found in terminal panicles and have a length of 1 to 5 cm (0.39 to 1.97 in) with bright yellow flowers. The flat and linear seed pods that form after flowering are clustered in the upper axils. The thin, glabrous and resinous pods are slightly constricted between seeds and have a length of 2 to 6 cm (0.79 to 2.36 in) and taper toward the base and apex. The black seeds inside are arranged longitudinally and have an oblong to broadly elliptic shape with a length of 3 to 4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in) and have an open narrow areole.[1]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1859 as part of the work Contributiones ad Acaciarum Australiae Cognitionem as published in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Botany. It was reclassified as Racosperma gonocladum by Leslie Pedley in 1987 then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2001.[3]

It is native to an area in the Kimberley region of Western Australia[2] across the top end of the Northern Territory and central Queensland. It is found in tropical areas and grows in shallow stony soils and loamy soils.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia gonoclada". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
"Acacia gonoclada". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia gonoclada F.Muell. Ganambureng". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 19 October 2019.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World