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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia helmsiana

Acacia helmsiana Maiden

J. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 53: 174. 1920

Acacia helmsiana, commonly known as Helm's wattle,[1] is a shrub of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves that is endemic to arid areas of central and western Australia.


The bushy spreading resinous shrub typically grows to a height of 0.45 to 2 metres (1 to 7 ft).[2] It tends to branch from ground level and the glabrous, resinous, brown branchlets are slightly angled toward the extremities with minute stipules and grey to reddish-brown coloured bark.[3] Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen, resinous, terete or compressed phyllodes have a length of 1 to 2 cm (0.39 to 0.79 in) and a width of 0.5 to 1.5 mm (0.020 to 0.059 in) and are straight, curved or slightly sigmoid and have two obscure often brownish and impressed veins.[3] It blooms from June to August to November and produces yellow flowers.[2] It has simple inflorescences that occur singly in the axils with spherical flower-heads that contain 20 to 30 light- to mid-golden coloured flowers. The seed pods that form after flowering are strongly curved to coiled and have a length of about 4 cm (1.6 in) and a width of around 4 mm (0.16 in) with longitudinally arranged seeds inside.[4]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Joseph Maiden in 1920 as a part of the work Notes on Acacias, No. IV, with descriptions of new species as published in the Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. It was reclassified as Racosperma helmsianum by Leslie Pedley in 2003 then returned to genus Acacia in 2006.[1] The specific epithet honours the explorer and naturalist, Richard Helms (naturalist), who collected the type specimen during the Elder Expedition.[3]

It is native to an area in the north west of South Australia, the south western Northern Territory and the Goldfields region of Western Australia where it is commonly situated on sand dunes and sand plains growing in red or yellow sandy soils.[2] The bulk of the population is found from around Wiluna in the west through to Mount Olga in the Northern Territory in the east and is usually a part of open spinifex communities.[4] In South Australia it is restricted to the Serpentine Lakes area.[3]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia helmsiana Maiden Helm's wattle". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
"Acacia helmsiana". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia helmsiana". Electronic Flora of South Australia species Fact Sheet. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
"Acacia helmsiana". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 28 November 2020.

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