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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia juncifolia

Acacia juncifolia Benth., 1842

Racosperma juncifolium (Benth.) Pedley (1987).
Acacia pinifolia Benth. (1848)

Native distribution areas:
Primary references

Bentham, G., 1842. The London Journal of Botany. London 1: 341.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia juncifolia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia juncifolia. Published online. Accessed: Aug 11 2019. 2019. Acacia juncifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. 2020. Acacia juncifolia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 11. Reference page.
Acacia juncifolia – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia juncifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Acacia juncifolia, commonly known as rush-leaf wattle,[1] is a shrub or tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae that is endemic to north eastern Australia.


The shrub or tree typically grows to a height of 3 metres (9.8 ft) and has slender glabrous, reddish-brown [2] glabrous branchlets thare are more or less terete with dark grey to blackish or brownish grey coloured bark. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen, glabrous and rigid phyllodes have a linear shape and are straight to slightly curved. The phyllodes have a length of 7 to 20 cm (2.8 to 7.9 in) and a width of around 1 m (3 ft 3 in) and a reasonably prominent midvein. It blooms between June and November.[1] The simple inflorescences occur singly on racemes with an axis length of 1 to 2 mm (0.039 to 0.079 in) in pairs or singly in the axils eith spherical flower-heads containing 20 to 30 light golden to deep golden coloured flowers. Follwijg flowering seed pods form . that are prominently raised over each of the seeds. The glabrous, firmly chartaceous to thinly coriaceous, dark red-brown coloured pods have a length up to 10 cm (3.9 in) and a width of 3 to 4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in). The seeds are arranged longitudinally within the pods. The dull mottle yellow and black seeds have an oblong-elliptic shape with a length of 3 to 4.5 mm (0.12 to 0.18 in).[2]

The specific epithet is taken from the Latin words juncus meaning rush and folium meaning leaf in reference to the rush-like appearance of the phyllodes. A. juncifolia has a similar appearance to Acacia calamifolia.[1] Two subspecies are known:

Acacia juncifolia subsp. juncifolia
Acacia juncifolia subsp. serpentinicola[2]


It is native to an area in southern Queensland around Port Clinton in the north extending into New South Wales to around Glenbrook and extending to about 500 km (310 mi) inland.[2] It is usually a part of dry sclerophyll forest and woodland communities growing well in sandy soils. In New South Wales it is extends north from around Glenbrook and as far west as Gilgandra.[1]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia juncifolia Benth". PlantNet. Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
"Acacia juncifolia". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 14 May 2019.

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