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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia latifolia

Acacia latifolia Benth., 1842

Racosperma latifolium (Benth.) Pedley


Acacia latifolia Desf. = Acacia melanoxylon R.Br.

Native distribution areas:
Acacia latifolia

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G., 1842. The London Journal of Botany. London 1:382.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia latifolia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Aug 06. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia latifolia. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 2019. 2019. Acacia latifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 06 Aug 2019.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia latifolia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: Aug 06 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia latifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names

Acacia latifolia is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae that is endemic to tropical parts of northern Australia.


The spindly erect shrub typically grows to a height of 1.5 to 5 metres (5 to 16 ft).[1] It has smooth brown bark and flattened tawny yellow or brown glabrous branchlets that are 0.5 to 1 cm (0.20 to 0.39 in) The thin green obliquely narrowly lanceolate to elliptic phyllodes have a length of 6.5 to 13 cm (2.6 to 5.1 in) and a width of 14 to 45 mm (0.55 to 1.77 in) with three to five conspicuous, longitudinal nerves.[2] It blooms from May and July to August or October producing yellow flowers.[1] The golden flower-spikes are around 1.6 to 2.7 cm (0.63 to 1.06 in) in length. The linear brown seed pods that form after flowering have a linear shape with straight sides. The pods are 4 to 11 cm (1.6 to 4.3 in) in length and 2 to 4.5 mm (0.079 to 0.177 in) wide with prominent pale margins. The brown seeds found inside the pods have an oblong-elliptic shape and around 2.2 to 4.7 cm (0.87 to 1.85 in) in length.[2]

It was first formally named by the botanist George Bentham in 1842 as part of William Jackson Hooker's work Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species as published in the London Journal of Botany. It was reclassified as Racosperma latifolium by Leslie Pedley in 1987 and then transferred back to genusAcacia in 2001.[3]

It is native to several small areas in the Kimberley region of Western Australia growing is sandy soils over sandstone.[1] It also has a disjunct distribution in the top end of the Northern Territory and the north western corner of Queensland.[3] It is often found on sandstone plateaux, on cliffs and along watercourses in gullies or in crevices amongst rocky outcrops. It is found around basalt or quartzite growing in stony, sandy and alluvial soils as a part of mixed shrubland communities.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia latifolia". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia latifolia". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
"Acacia latifolia". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 22 May 2019.

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