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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia loderi

Acacia loderi Maiden

J. Proc. Roy. Soc. New South Wales 53:209. 1920
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia loderi in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Acacia loderi, known colloquially as nelia or nealie, is a species of Acacia native to Australia.[1]

Joseph Maiden described Acacia loderi in 1920 and it still bears its original name.[1] It was named after its collector, assistant forester at Broken Hill A.C. Loder who collected it at Yancowinnia near Broken Hill in November 1907.[2][3] The common name nelia and its former variants nealie and neelya are derived from the Ngyiyambaa word nhiil'i for the species.[4]

Acacia loderi grows as a large shrub or small tree 3–8 m (9.8–26.2 ft) high, with an erect or spreading habit. The bark is grey. Like all wattles it has leaf-like structures known as phyllodes instead of leaves. These are pale grey-green to green and very narrow and long, measuring 5–11 cm (2.0–4.3 in) in length by 0.9–2.5 mm (0.035–0.098 in) wide. The bright yellow flowers appear in spring (August to October).[2]

Acacia loderi is found in inland southeastern Australia, mainly in far western New South Wales, from White Cliffs in the north of the tip of northwestern Victoria in the south, east to Hillston and west through the Darling River basin and Broken Hill into eastern South Australia, growing in colonized brown or red soils in mostly flat country.[3] It forms a dominant component of Acacia loderi shrubland, where it is found with such trees as black oak (Casuarina pauper), inland rosewood (Alectryon oleifolius) and leopardwood (Flindersia maculosa), and an understory of chenopods and grasses.[5]

Acacia loderi shrubland has been classified as an Endangered Ecological Community by the New South Wales Government. Key threats include clearing and excessive grazing by livestock.[5]

"Acacia loderi Maiden". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
P.G. Kodela. "New South Wales Flora Online: Acacia loderi". Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia.
Orchard, A. E.; Wilson, Annette (2001). Flora of Australia:Mimosaceae. Vol. 11. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-643-06720-2.
Robert M. W. Dixon; Bruce Moore (2006). Australian Aboriginal words in English: their origin and meaning. Oxford University Press. p. 123. ISBN 978-0-19-554073-4.
Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW) (1 September 2005). "Acacia loderi shrublands - profile". Threatened Species website. New South Wales Government. Retrieved 4 January 2012.

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