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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia longispinea

Acacia longispinea Morrison

in Scott. Bot. Rev. 1912, i. 96.

Acacia longispinea is a shrub or tree of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves that is endemic to an area of south western Australia.


The shrub or tree typically grows to a height of 2 to 5 metres (7 to 16 ft)[1] It has glabrous and terete branchlets and lenticellular branchlets that are scarred by raised stem-projections from lost phyllodes. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The rigid, glabrous, pungent and evergreen phyllodes are ascending to erect and straight to shallowly incurved with a pentagonal cross section. The phyllodes are 7 to 23 cm (2.8 to 9.1 in) in length and 1 to 2.5 mm (0.039 to 0.098 in) wide with five strongly raised nerves.[2] It blooms from September to October and produces yellow flowers.[1] The simple inflorescences occur singly and have spherical flower-heads with a diameter of 6 to 8 mm (0.24 to 0.31 in) containing 60 to 85 densely packed golden coloured flowers. Following flowering glabrous and chartaceous seed pods form that are pendent with a linear shape but raised over each of the seeds with a length of uo to around 7.5 cm (3.0 in) and a width of 5 to 8 mm (0.20 to 0.31 in). The pods contain dull mottled seeds with a broad-ovate to nearly circular shape and a length of 3 to 6 mm (0.12 to 0.24 in).[2]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Alexander Morrison in 1912 in The Scottish Botanical Review. It was reclassified as Racosperma longispineum by Leslie Pedley in 2003 then returned to genus Acacia in 2014.[3] It is thought to be closely related to Acacia gonophylla which also has pentagonal phyllodes.[2]

It is native to an area in the Mid West, Wheatbelt and Goldfields-Esperance regions of Western Australia where it is usually situated on low rises and sandplains growing in gravelly, sandy or clay loam soils[1] as a part of shrubland communities. The range of the plant extends from Hamelin Pool Marine Nature Reserve in the north west down to around Narembeen and Boorabbin in the south east with other smaller populations found near Albion Downs and Comet Vale further to the east.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia longispinea". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia longispinea". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
"Acacia longispinea Morrison". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 6 December 2020.

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