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Acacia maitlandii flowers and foliagee

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia maitlandii


Acacia maitlandii F.Muell., 1862


Acacia patens F.Muell.
Racosperma maitlandii (F.Muell.) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia maitlandii

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Mueller, F.v. 1862–1863. Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae. Vol. 3. 177 pp. J. Ferres, Melbourne. BHL Reference page. : 3:46.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia maitlandii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia maitlandii. Published online. Accessed: Aug 07 2019. 2019. Acacia maitlandii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug 07.
Hassler, M. Aug. Acacia maitlandii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Aug. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Aug 07 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia maitlandii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Maitland's Wattle, Spiky Wattle

Acacia maitlandii, also known as Maitland's wattle, is a perennial tree native to Australia.

1 Description
2 Taxonomy
3 Distribution
4 Uses
5 See also
6 References
7 External links


The shrub has an open and spindly habit, with a height of 0.7 to 3.0 metres (2 to 10 ft).[2] The resinous and glabrous branchlets are generally terete in form. The glabrous phyllodes are straight with a narrowly elliptic shape and are 0.8 to 2.5 centimetres (0.31 to 0.98 in) in length and 1 to 3 millimetres (0.039 to 0.118 in) wide.[3] Flowers are yellow and occur sometime between May and October.[2] The simple inflorescences occur singly in the axil of the phyllodes. The globose flower heads with a diameter of 4 to 5 mm (0.157 to 0.197 in) and contain 35 to 60 bright yellow flowers. Following flowering smooth papery seed pods form. The pods are straight and slightly constricted between seeds with a length of 4 to 5 cm (1.57 to 1.97 in) and 3 to 4 mm (0.118 to 0.157 in) wide.[3]

The species was first described by Ferdinand von Mueller in 1862 as part of the work Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae.[4] The plant is named for an early European explorer of Australia's Northwest, Maitland Brown, who collect the type specimen.[3] It was later reclassified as Racosperma maitlandii by Leslie Pedley in 1986 but transferred back into the genus Acacia in 2001.[5]

Acacia maitlandii is found in northern regions of all mainland states of Australia, except Victoria,[3] and is not considered to be threatened with extinction.[2] The favoured soil type is red sand, or stony ground, the habitat is sandy or stony plains, and on hills.[2]

The species is used to make boomerangs and spearthrowers, the gum produced is edible. The tree is called Garrga in the languages of the Yindjibarndi and Ngarluma people.[6] The seeds have been identified, analysed, and monitored, as a 'wild harvested Australian indigenous food', by Food Standards Australia New Zealand. The product is found to very high in fats, over half by weight.[7]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia maitlandii F.Muell. ( as `Maitlandi' )". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
"Acacia maitlandii F.Muell". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
P.G. Kodela (2002). "Acacia maitlandii F.Muell". New South Wales flora online. National Herbarium of New South Wales. "...named after Maitland Brown"
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1863), Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 3(22): 46 Type: "In planitiebus lapidosis ad montes Hammersly Range legit Maitl. Brown sub expeditione Francisci Gregorii."(APNI)
"Acacia maitlandii F.Muell. Maitland's Wattle". World Wide Wattle. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 24 September 2018.
Burndud (1990). Wanggalili; Yinjibarndi and Ngarluma Plants. Juluwarlu Aboriginal Corporation. p. 17.
"Acacia Maitlandii, Seed". NUTTAB 2006 Online Version. Food Standards Australia New Zealand. 2007-04-26. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. "Food ID: 15A10116"

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