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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia orthocarpa
Name

Acacia orthocarpa F.Muell.
References

Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Botany. London 3:136. 1859
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia orthocarpa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10


Acacia orthocarpa, also commonly known as Pilbara weeping wattle, needle-leaf wattle or straight-podded wattle, is a shrub or tree belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae that is endemic to tropical parts of northern Australia. The indigenous Nyangumarta peoples know it as yartupu.[1]

Description

The erect, spreading and spindly shrub or small tree typically grows to a height of 0.9 to 4 metres (3 to 13 ft)[2] with a diffuse and often weeping habit but sometimes it can be bushy and low-spreading. It has dark grey to grey-brown coloured bark that can be smooth or flaky. The brown, slightly angular branchlets are glabrous and have inconspicuous ridges and obvious lenticels. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The evergreen, coriaceous and glabrous phyllodesare straight to curved with a length of 2.5 to 15.5 cm (0.98 to 6.10 in) and a width of 0.5 to 1 mm (0.020 to 0.039 in) with two semi-prominent lateral nerves and the remainder inconspicuous.[3] It flowers from March to April or June to July producing yellow flowers[2] or sometimes as late as November and is thought to bloom at anytime following large scale rain events.[1] The cylindrical flower-spikes have a length of 0.9 to 3.2 cm (0.35 to 1.26 in) and are loosely packed with yellow flowers. After flowering woody and erect seed pods form that are usually linear to oblanceolate in shape and taper toward the base. The pods are straight sided or slightly biconvex with a length of 3 to 10 cm (1.2 to 3.9 in) and a width of 3 to 8 mm (0.12 to 0.31 in) with longitudinal nerves. The dark brown seeds inside are arranged longitudinally or slightly obliquely and have an oblong to elliptic shape with a length of 4 to 6 mm (0.16 to 0.24 in) with a narrowly conical aril.[3]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1859 as part of the work Contributiones ad Acaciarum Australiae Cognitionem as published in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, Botany. It was reclassified as Racosperma orthocarpum by Leslie Pedley in 1987 then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2001.[4] The specific epithet is taken from the Greek words ortho meaning straight and carpos meaning fruit in reference to the straight shape of the seed pods.[1]
Distribution

It is native to central and northern parts of the Pilbara region including some of the islands in the Burrup Peninsula and the Dampier Archipelago as well as much of the Kimberley region of Western Australia[2] and the range of the plant extends eastward into the southern part of top end and the central region of the Northern Territory and into Queensland to the Mount Isa, Galilee and Georgetown areas where it is found on rocky hills, along rocky creeks and on sandy flats[3] growing in skeletal sandy or loamy soils[1] as a part of savannah woodland and open Eucalyptus shrubland communities usually with an understorey of spinifex grasses.[3]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia orthocarpa". Wattles of the Pilbara. Department of Environment and Conservation. 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
"Acacia orthocarpa". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Acacia orthocarpa". WorldWideWattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
"Acacia orthocarpa F.Muell". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 31 March 2020..

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