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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia pruinocarpa

Acacia pruinocarpa Tindale, 1968

Racosperma pruinocarpum (Tindale) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia pruinocarpa

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, South Australia, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Tindale, M.D., 1968. Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium 4:73.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia pruinocarpa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia pruinocarpa. Published online. Accessed: Aug 12 2019. 2019. Acacia pruinocarpa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug 12.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia pruinocarpa – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia pruinocarpa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
English: Black Gidgee, Gidgee, Tawu

Acacia pruinocarpa, commonly known as black gidgee, gidgee or tawu, is a tree in the family Fabaceae that is endemic to arid parts of Australia.[3]


Black gidgee is a tree with an upright habit and typically grows to a height of 3 to 12 m (9.8 to 39.4 ft)[1] and with a girth of up to 2 m (6 ft 7 in) or more. Like most Acacia species, it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. These are a grey-green colour with a length of 7 to 17 cm (2.8 to 6.7 in) and a width of 6 to 30 mm (0.24 to 1.18 in) and slightly curved. The phyllodes have a linear to linear-elliptic shape with a prominent midrib and marginal nerves.[4] It blooms between October and December and produces flowers that are yellow and held in cylindrical clusters. The spherical flowerheads have a diameter of 7 to 8 mm (0.28 to 0.31 in) and contain 55 to 110 densely packed light golden flowers. The narrowly oblong seed pods are pale brown and papery with a length of up to 12 cm (4.7 in) and a width of 2 cm (0.79 in). The transverse to oblique, dull black seeds have an ovate to oblong-elliptic shape with a length of 5 to 6 mm (0.20 to 0.24 in).[4]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Mary Tindale in 1968 as part of R.H. Anderson and Tindale's work Notes on Australian taxa of Acacia as published in Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium. It was reclassified as Racosperma pruinocarpum by Leslie Pedley in 2003 then transferred back into the genus Acacia in 2006. The species is often confused with, and misidentified as Acacia notabilis.[5]

It is native throughout the arid centre of Australia, from Carnarvon, Western Australia, east to the Tanami Desert, Northern Territory and Mann Range, South Australia.[4] It is especially common along watercourses and in low-lying areas that receive drainage. The tree is found in many types of habitat usually in stony sand or loamy soils[1] and is associated with Acacia aneura and spinifex communities.[4]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia pruinocarpa". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
Tindale, M.D. (1968). Anderson, R.H. (ed.). "Notes on Australian taxa of Acacia No. 1". Contributions from the New South Wales National Herbarium. 4 (2): 73.
Mitchell, A.A.; Wilcox, D.G. (1994). Arid Shrubland Plants of Western Australia (2nd ed.). University of Western Australia Press. ISBN 978-1-875560-22-6.
"Acacia pruinocarpa". Flora of Australia Online. Department of the Environment and Heritage, Australian Government.
"Acacia pruinocarpa Tindale". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 17 March 2019.

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