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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia pterocaulon

Acacia pterocaulon Maslin, 1995

Racosperma pterocaulon (Maslin) Pedley

Native distribution areas:
Acacia pterocaulon

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Maslin, B.R., 1995. Nuytsia; Bulletin of the Western Australian Herbarium 10(2): 165.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia pterocaulon in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Aug 12. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia pterocaulon. Published online. Accessed: Aug 12 2019. 2019. Acacia pterocaulon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Aug 12.
Catalogue of Life: 2021 Annual Checklist
Acacia pterocaulon – Taxon details on World Wide Wattle.

Vernacular names

Acacia pterocaulon is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and subgenus Alatae. It is native to a small area in the Mid West region of Western Australia.[1]


The intricate shrub has an erect or sprawling habit with many branches. It typically grows to a height of 0.5 to 1.3 metres (1.6 to 4.3 ft) but can reach up to around 2 m (6.6 ft).[1] It has green glabrous branchlets. The phyllodes are continuous with the branchlets, splitting to form opposing wings along the branchlet with each one extending to the next underneath. Each wing is 2 to 6 millimetres (0.08 to 0.24 in) wide. The free portion of each phyllode has a lanceolate to narrowly triangular shape and is straight or very shallowly incurved with a length of 1 to 5.5 centimetres (0.4 to 2.2 in).[2] It blooms between October and January producing yellow flowers.[1] Each racemose inflorescences has globular head of a 10 to 15 mm (0.39 to 0.59 in) diameter containing 60 to 70 densely packed golden flowers. Linear seed pods form later that are up to 12 cm (4.7 in) in length and 4 to 5 mm (0.16 to 0.20 in) wide. Each oblong seed is 4.5 to 5 mm (0.18 to 0.20 in) long.[2]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Bruce Maslin in 1995 as part of the work Acacia Miscellany 13. Taxonomy of some Western Australian phyllocladinous and aphyllodinous taxa (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) as published in the journal Nuytsia. It was reclassified by Leslie Pedley in 2003 and Racosperma pterocaulon then transferred back to the current genus in 2006.[3]

The type specimen was collected by Maslin in 1976 near Three Springs.[2]

Acacia willdenowiana has phyllodes resembling those of A. pterocaulon.[4] It is also similar to the closely related Acacia glaucoptera.[2]

The species is confined to a small area between Morawa and Three Springs where it is found on rocky hill slopes where growing in clay-loam or sandy-loam soils.[1] It is often part of the understorey in Eucalyptus woodland communities or in dense Casuarina scrub.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species


"Acacia pterocaulon". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia pterocaulon". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
"Acacia pterocaulon Maslin". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
"Acacia willdenowiana". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 31 August 2018.

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