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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia rothii

Acacia rothii F.M.Bailey, 1900

Queensland Agricultural Journal. [Queensland Department of Agriculture] 6:39, t. 161. 1900
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Acacia rothii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Acacia rothii, commonly known as tooroo,[1] Roth's wattle, lancewood and spoon tree,[2] is a shrub of the genus Acacia and the subgenus Plurinerves that is endemic to an are in north eastern Australia.


The tree typically grows to a height of 6 to 12 m (20 to 39 ft)[3] with an open canopy and a reasonable straight trunk.[1] It has rough dark grey-brown coloured bark and angular glabrous branchlets.[3] Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves.[1] The glabrous and evergreen phyllodes have a narrowly oblong-elliptic sickle shape with a length of 15 to 30 cm (5.9 to 11.8 in) and a width of 1.5 to 3.5 cm (0.59 to 1.38 in) and have two or three prominent longitudinal nerves.[3]

The species was first formally described by the botanist Frederick Manson Bailey in 1900 as a part of the work Contributions to the Flora of Queensland as published in the Queensland Agricultural Journal. In 1987 it was reclassified as Racosperma rothii by Leslie Pedley then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2001.[4] It is closely related to and closely resembles Acacia mimula and is thought to be closely related to Acacia bakeri.[3]

The range of the plant is mostly in far north Queensland where it is commonly situated on almost level and gently undulating plains as well as low hills with elevations up to 800 m (2,600 ft). It is usually found growing in lateritic red earth sandy or loamy soils as a part of Eucalyptus woodland communities.[1] The range of the plant extends from the northern tip of the Cape York Peninsula down to the Palmer River in the south.[3]
See also

List of Acacia species


Ken Fern (2014). "Acacia rothii". Useful Tropical Plants. Useful Tropical Plants Database. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
"Acacia rothii". Species Profile. Queensland Government. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
"Acacia rothii". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
"Acacia rothii F.M.Bailey". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 5 January 2021.

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