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Caesalpinia spinosa

Caesalpinia spinosa, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Tara
Species: Tara spinosa

Tara spinosa (Molina) Britton & Rose, 1930

Caesalpinia horrida (Kunth) Spreng.
Caesalpinia mucronata Willd.
Caesalpinia pectinata Cav.
Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze
Caesalpinia tara Ruiz & Pav.
Caesalpinia tinctoria Benth. ex Taub.
Caesalpinia tinctoria var. horrida Pittier
Coulteria chilensis DC.
Coulteria horrida Kunth
Coulteria tinctoria (Molina) Kunth
Poinciana mucronata (Willd.) Poir.
Poinciana spinosa Molina
Poinciana tara Ruiz & Pav. ex DC.
Tara tinctoria Molina
Tara tinctoria var. horrida (Kunth) Pittier

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Western South America
Bolivia, Chile Central, Chile North, Ecuador, Peru
Regional: Northern South America
Colombia, Venezuela
Regional: Caribbean
Introduced into:
California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Jawa, Kenya, Namibia, Uganda, Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Britton, N.L. & Rose, J.N., 1930. North American Flora 23(5): 320.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Tara spinosa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 November 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Tara spinosa. Published online. Accessed: November 11 2019. 2019. Tara spinosa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 11 November 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Tara spinosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Tikanlı sezalpiniya
English: spiny holdback
עברית: קסאלפיניה

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