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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Cenostigma
Species: C. bracteosum – C. eriostachys – C. gaumeri – C. laxiflorum – C. macrophyllum – C. marginatum – C. microphyllum – C. myabense – C. nordestinum – C. pellucidum – C. pinnatum – C. pluviosum – C. pyramidale – C. tocantinum
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Cenostigma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.

Name

Cenostigma Tul., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2 20: 140 1843

Type species: Cenostigma macrophyllum Tul.

References
Primary references

Tulasne, L.R., 1843. Annales des Sciences Naturelle; Partie Botanique 20: 140

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Cenostigma. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Cenostigma. Published online. Accessed: Jul 18 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Cenostigma in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Cenostigma. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18.

Vernacular names

Cenostigma is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. Cenostigma pluviosa is being investigated as a possible antimalarial medication.[3]
Species

Cenostigma comprises the following species:[2]

Cenostigma bracteosum (Tul. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma eriostachys (Benth. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma gaumeri (Greenm. 1912) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma laxiflorum (Tul. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma macrophyllum Tul. 1843
Cenostigma marginatum (Tul. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma microphyllum (Mart. ex G. Don 1832) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma myabense (Britton 1920) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma nordestinum E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma pellucidum (Vogel 1836) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma pinnatum (Griseb. 1866) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma pluviosum (DC. 1825) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016—False brazilwood
var. cabralianum (G. P. Lewis 1998) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. intermedium (G. P. Lewis) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis
var. maraniona (G. P. Lewis & C. E. Hughes 2010) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. paraense (Ducke 1925) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. peltophoroides (Benth. 1870) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. pluviosum (DC. 1825) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. sanfranciscanum (G. P. Lewis 1998) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma pyramidale (Tul. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. diversifolium (Benth. 1870) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
var. pyramidale (Tul. 1844) E. Gagnon & G. P. Lewis 2016
Cenostigma tocantinum Ducke 1915

References

The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
Gagnon E, Bruneau A, Hughes CE, de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP (2016). "A new generic system for the pantropical Caesalpinia group (Leguminosae)". PhytoKeys (71): 1–160. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.71.9203. PMC 5558824. PMID 28814915.
Kayano, Ana Carolina; Stefanie CP Lopes; Fernanda G Bueno; Elaine C Cabral; Wanessa C Souza-Neiras; Lucy M Yamauchi; Mary A Foglio; Marcos N Eberlin; João Carlos Mello; Fabio TM Costa (2011). "In vitro and in vivo assessment of the anti-malarial activity of Caesalpinia pluviosa". Malaria Journal. 10 (112): 112. doi:10.1186/1475-2875-10-112. PMC 3112450. PMID 21535894.

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