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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Delonix
Species: D. baccal – D. boiviniana – D. brachycarpa – D. decaryi – D. edule – D. elata – D. floribunda – D. leucantha – D. pumila – D. regia – D. tomentosa – D. velutina
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Delonix in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.

Name

Delonix Raf. (1837)

Type species: D. regia (Hook.) Raf. (1837)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Aprevalia Baillon, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 428. 1884.
Lemuropisum H.Perrier

References

Rafinesque, C.S. 1837 ["1836"]. Flora Telluriana. Pars secunda. 112 pp. Printed for the author by H. Probasco, Philadelphia. BHL Reference page. 2: 92.

Additional references

Farr, E. R. & Zijlstra, G. eds. (1996-) Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). 2010 May 23 [1].

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Delonix. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Delonix. Published online. Accessed: Jul 18 2020.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Delonix in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Jul 18. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Delonix. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 18 Jul 2020.

Vernacular names

Delonix is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae.[3] It contains trees that are native to Madagascar and East Africa. By far the best known species is the Royal Poinciana (D. regia).

The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words δηλος (delos), meaning "evident," and ονυξ (onyx), meaning "claw," referring to the petals.[4] The common name, poinciana, comes from a former genus of the same name in which the members of the current genus Delonix were classified along with plants now placed in the genus Caesalpinia.
Selected species

Image Scientific name Distribution
Delonix baccal (Chiov.) Baker f. Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia
Delonix boiviniana (Baill.) Capuron Madagascar
Delonix brachycarpa (R.Vig.) Capuron Madagascar
Delonix decaryi 01 ies.jpg Delonix decaryi (R.Vig.) Capuron Madagascar
Delonix elata01.JPG Delonix elata (L.) Gamble East Africa, southern Arabia east to western India
Delonix floribunda (12069188293).jpg Delonix floribunda (Baill.) Capuron Madagascar
Gardenology.org-IMG 2515 ucla09.jpg Delonix pumila Du Puy, Phillipson & R.Rabev. Madagascar
Delonix (4745245617).jpg Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf. Madagascar[5]
Delonix tomentosa (R.Vig.) Capuron Madagascar
Delonix velutina (R.Vig.) Capuron Madagascar

References

"Genus: Delonix Raf". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-05. Archived from the original on 2014-02-27. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
"Delonix Raf". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
Gledhill, David (2008). The Names of Plants (4 ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-86645-3.
"Subordinate Taxa of Delonix Raf". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-22.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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