Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Caesalpinieae
Genus: Gymnocladus
Species: G. angustifolius – G. assamicus – G. burmanicus – G. chinensis – G. dioicus – G. guangxiensis

Gymnocladus Lam., 1785

Type species: Gymnocladus canadensis Lam. CT proposed by Harriman, Taxon 47: 875 (1998); recommended, Taxon 49: 277 (2000)

Primary references

Lamarck, J.-B. 1783–1785. Encyclopédie méthodique. Botanique. Tome 1. XLIV+752 pp. Panckoucke, Paris; Plomteux, Liége. BHL Reference page. : 1(2): 733.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Gymnocladus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 20. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Gymnocladus. Published online. Accessed: Jul 20 2019. 2019. Gymnocladus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 20 {{{3}}}.
Hassler, M. Jul. Gymnocladus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 20 {{{3}}}. Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Gymnocladus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Гімнакладус
čeština: Nahovětvec
Deutsch: Geweihbäume
English: coffeetree
suomi: Papupuut
polski: Kłęk
русский: Гимнокладус
svenska: Kentuckykaffesläktet
Tiếng Việt: Chi Lôi khoai
中文: 肥皂莢屬

Gymnocladus (Neo-Latin, from Greek γυμνὀς, gymnos, naked + κλάδος, klados, branch)[2] is a small genus of leguminous trees. The common name coffeetree is used for this genus.[3]

Gymnocladus species are very large, deciduous trees with bipinnate leaves.

The greenish-white flowers only appear after long periods of warm weather. Very long legumes are formed that hang from the branches. The species of this genus are predominantly distributed endochorically.

There are three species:[4][5]

Image Name Common Name Distribution
Gymnocladus burmanicus Dekang tree India
Gymnocladus chinensis soap tree central China.
Gymnocladus dioicus 1.JPG Gymnocladus dioicus Kentucky coffeetree Midwest and Upper South of North America.


The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon. 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Gymnocladus" . New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
"Gymnocladus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
LegumeWeb genus list
PFAF: Gymnocladus

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World