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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Mutisioideae
Tribae: MutisieaeNassauvieaeOnoserideae

Mutisioideae Lindl. in Loudon, Encycl. Pl. 1074. (1829)

Type genus: Mutisia L.f.


Lindley, J. in Loudon, J.C. 1829. Encycl. Pl. 1074.
Funk V.A., Susanna A., Stuessy T.F. & Robinson H. 2009. Classification of Compositae. pp. 171–189. In Funk V.A., Susanna A., Stuessy T.F. & Bayer, R.J. (Eds.): Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1. PDF Reference page.
Katinas, L., Pruski, J., Sancho, G. & Tellería, M.C. 2008. The subfamily Mutisioideae (Asteraceae). The Botanical Review 74(4): 469–716. DOI: 10.1007/s12229-008-9016-6 PDF Reference page.
Katinas, L., Sancho, G., Tellería, M.C. & Crisci, J.V. 2009. Mutisieae sensu stricto (Mutisioideae sensu stricto). Systematics, evolution, and biogeography of Compositae. Vienna: IAPT, pp.229-248. Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Ortiz, S., Bonifacino, M., Crisci,J.V., Hansen, H.V., Hind, J.D.N., Roque, N., Sancho, G. & Telleria, M.C. 2009. The basal grade of the Asteraceae: the fate of Mutisieae (sensu Cabrera) and the Carduoideae. pp. 193–213. In Funk V.A., Susanna A., Stuessy T.F. & Bayer, R.J. (Eds.): Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae .Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1 PDF Reference page.
Ortiz, S., Carbajal, R., Serrano, M., Rodríguez-Oubiña, J. & Iglesias, I. 2013. Phylogeny of the African Mutisieae sl (Asteraceae) based on ndhF and trnL-F sequences (cpDNA). Taxon 62(3): 525-536. DOI: 10.12705/623.11 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.

The Mutisioideae are a subfamily in the plant family Asteraceae that includes about 630 species assigned to 44 different genera. This subfamily is mainly native in South America, except for Adenocaulon, Chaptalia, Gerbera, Trichocline, which have species in all continents other than Europe and Antarctica. Common characters are the deeply incised corollas of the disc florets, with five lobes, sometimes merged in two lips, flower heads with overlapping involucral bracts, anthers with tails and pointy tips, the styles usually stick far out of the florets and are essentially hairless. Most species are herbs, but some are vines, shrubs, or small trees.[2]


The subfamily Mutisioideae consists of three tribes:[2][3][4]

Tribe Mutisieae

Adenocaulon Hook. (five species)
Brachyclados Gillies ex D.Don (three spp.)
Chaetanthera Ruiz & Pav. (47 spp.)
Chaptalia Vent. (69 spp.)
Eriachaenium Sch.Bip (one sp.)
Gerbera L. (40 spp.)
Leibnitzia Cass. (eight spp.)
Lulia Zardini (one sp.)
Mutisia L.f. (58 spp.)
Oreoseris DC. (12 spp.)
Pachylaena D.Don ex Hook. (two spp.)
Perdicium L. (two spp.)
Trichocline Cass. (24 spp.)

Tribe Onoserideae

Aphyllocladus Wedd.
Gypothamnium Phil. (one sp.)
Lycoseris Cass.
Onoseris Willd.
Plazia Ruiz & Pav
Paquirea Panero, J. & S. E. Freire. (1 sp.)
Urmenetea Phil.

Tribe Nassauvieae

Acourtia D.Don (65 spp.)
Ameghinoa Speg.
Berylsimpsonia B. L. Turner
Burkartia Crisci (one sp.)
Calopappus Meyen
Calorezia Panero
Cephalopappus Nees & Mart.
Criscia Katinas (one sp.)
Dolichlasium Lag.
Holocheilus Cass. (seven spp.)[5]
Jungia L. f.
Leucheria Lag.
Leunisia Phil.
Lophopappus Rusby
Macrachaenium Hook f. (one sp.)
Marticorenia Crisci (one sp.)
Moscharia Ruiz & Pav.
Nassauvia Comm. ex Juss.
Oxyphyllum Phil.
Panphalea Lag. (9 spp.)[5]
Perezia Lag.
Pleocarphus D.Don: (one sp.)
Polyachyrus Lag.
Proustia Lag.
Triptilion Ruiz & Pav.
Trixis P.Br. (50 spp.)

Some species

Gerbera jamesonii

Leibnitzia anandria

Onoseris alata

Acourtia runcinata

Perezia recurvata

Trixis californica


"Subfamily Mutisioideae". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
Panero, Jose L.; Funk, V.A. (2008). "The value of sampling anomalous taxa in phylogenetic studies: Major clades of the Asteraceae revealed" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 47 (2): 757–782. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.02.011. PMID 18375151. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
Funk V.A.; Susanna A.; Stuessy T.F.; Robinson H. (2009). Classification of Compositae. in "Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae" (PDF). Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-04-14.
Mutisioideae - The Tree of Life Web Project
Katinas L.; Crisci J.V (2008). "Reconstructing the biogeographical history of two plant genera with different dispersion capabilities". Journal of Biogeography. 35 (8): 1374. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2007.01874.x. S2CID 84374287.

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