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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Caryophyllaceae
Tribus: Paronychieae
Genus: Paronychia
Species: P. adalia – P. ahartii – P. aksoyii – P. albanica – P. albomarginata – P. amani – P. americana – P. anatolica – P. andina – P. angorensis – P. arabica – P. aretioides – P. argentea – P. argyrocoma – P. argyroloba – P. azerbaijanica – P. baldwinii – P. beauverdii – P. birmanica – P. bogotensis – P. boissieri – P. bornmuelleri – P. brasiliana – P. bryoides – P. bungei – P. cabrerae – P. caespitosa – P. camphorosmoides – P. canadensis – P. canariensis – P. capitata – P. carica – P. cataonica – P. cephalotes – P. chabloziana – P. chartacea – P. chilensis – P. chionaea – P. chlorothyrsa – P. communis – P. condensata – P. congesta – P. coquimbensis – P. davisii – P. davrazensis – P. depressa – P. discoveryi – P. drummondii – P. dudleyi – P. echinulata – P. ellenbergii – P. erecta – P. euphratica – P. fasciculata – P. fastigiata – P. franciscana – P. fusciflora – P. galatica – P. haggariensis – P. herniarioides – P. hieronymi – P. hintoniorum – P. illecebroides – P. jamesii – P. johnstonii – P. jonesii – P. jordanica – P. kapela – P. kayseriana – P. kocii – P. kotschyana – P. kurdica – P. libertadiana – P. limae – P. lindheimeri – P. lycica – P. macbridei – P. maccartii – P. macedonica – P. macrosepala – P. mandoniana – P. manfrediana – P. maroccana – P. mesopotamica – P. mexicana – P. microphylla – P. monticola – P. mughlaei – P. muschleri – P. palaestina – P. paphlagonica – P. paranensis – P. patula – P. peruviana – P. polygonifolia – P. pontica – P. przewalskii – P. pulvinata – P. rechingeri – P. revoluta – P. rugelii – P. saxatilis – P. sessiliflora – P. setacea – P. setigera – P. sinaica – P. sintenisii – P. somaliensis – P. splendens – P. suffruticosa – P. taurica – P. tunisiana – P. turcica – P. ubinensis – P. velata – P. virginica – P. weberbaueri – P. wilkinsonii
Name

Paronychia Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4: 1019. (1754)

Type species: Paronychia argentea Lam. Fl. Franç. (Lamarck) 3: 230. (1779)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Anychia Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 112–113. (1803)
Siphonychia Torr. & A.Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 173. (1838)
Gibbesia Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 621. (1898)
Anychiastrum Small, Fl. S. E. U. S.: 400. (1903)
Odontonychia Small, Fl. S. E. U. S.: 401. (1903)
Gastronychia Small, Man. S. E. Fl.: 480, f. (1933)

Homonyms

Paronychia Hill, Brit. Herb. 259 (1756), nom. illeg. hom., vide Erophila DC., but now included in Draba L. (1753),

References

Miller, P. 1754. The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged... Fourth edition, vol. 3: 1019.
Hassler, M. 2017. Paronychia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 May 22. Reference page.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., Mering, S. v., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler R., Ocampo G., Ochoterena, H., Oxelman, B., Rabeler, R. K., Sanchez, A., Schlumpberger, B. O. & Uotila, P. 2015. A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Willdenowia 45(3): 281–383. DOI: 10.3372/wi.45.45301 Open access Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2017. Paronychia. Published online. Accessed: May 22 2017.
Tropicos.org 2017. Paronychia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 May 30.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Mauermieren
English: Chickweed, Nailwort, Whitlow-wort
suomi: Vuohenpolvet
français: Paronyques

Paronychia is a genus of plants in the family Caryophyllaceae with over 110 species worldwide, mostly from warm-temperate North America, Eurasia, South America and Africa. They are herbs that are annual or biennial or perennial in life span. Some species have a woody base. For the most part they have small, white to yellow-white colored flowers that are often hidden within the paired bracts.

The genus Siphonychia has been incorporated into Paronychia by botanists.

The common names for some of the species include chickweed, nailwort, and Whitlow-wort. The genus gets its name from the disease of the fingernails which it was once thought to cure. Traditional healers in modern-day use species of this genus to treat kidney stones.[1]
Selected species

Paronychia ahartii – Ahart's nailwort
Paronychia argentea – Algerian tea[2]
Paronychia argyrocoma – Silvery nailwort[3]
Paronychia canadensis – smooth-forked nailwort
Paronychia chartacea – paper nailwort
Paronychia drummondii – Drummond's nailwort
Paronychia fastigiata – hairy-forked nailwort
Paronychia franciscana – San Francisco nailwort
Paronychia jamesii – James' nailwort
Paronychia palaestina[4]
Paronychia rugelii – Rugel's nailwort
Paronychia sessiliflora – creeping nailwort
Paronychia virginica – Virginia nailwort or Yellow nailwort[5]

References

Jardat, Nidal Amin; et al. (May 8, 2017). "Ethnopharmacological survey of medicinal plants practiced by traditional healers and herbalists for treatment of some urological diseases in the West Bank/Palestine". BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 17 (1): 255. doi:10.1186/s12906-017-1758-4. PMC 5422913. PMID 28482898.
"Paronychia argentea Lam". Plants For A Future.
"Paronychia argyrocoma (Michx.) Nutt. - silvery nailwort". Natural Resources Conservation Services, United States Department of Agriculture.
"Paronychia palaestina Eig | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science".
"Paronychia virginica Spreng. – yellow nailwort". Natural Resources Conservation Services, United States Department of Agriculture.

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