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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Apioideae
Tribus: Apieae
Genus: Petroselinum
Species: P. crispum - P. segetum

Petroselinum Hill, Brit. Herb. 424–425, pl. 60 [lower left]. (1756)

Type species: Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill Hand-list Herb. Pl. Kew, ed. 3 122. (1925)


Hill, J. 1756. The British Herbal 424–425, pl. 60 [lower left].
Hassler, M. 2018. Petroselinum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Aug. 21. Reference page.
Jimenez-Mejias, P. & Vargas, P. 2015. Taxonomy of the tribe Apieae (Apiaceae) revisited as revealed by molecular phylogenies and morphological characters. Phytotaxa 212(1): 57-79. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.212.1.2 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
The Plant List 2013. Petroselinum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 18. 2014. Petroselinum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Apr. 18.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Пятрушка
Deutsch: Petersilie
English: Parsley
eesti: Petersell
suomi: Persiljat
magyar: Petrezselyem
русский: Петрушка
українська: Петрушка

Petroselinum (parsley) is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to western and southern Europe and northern Africa.[1] They are bright green hairless biennial herbaceous plants, rarely annual plants. In the first year, they form a rosette of pinnate to tripinnate leaves and a tap root used as a food store over the winter. In the second year they grow a flowering stem up to 1 m tall with sparser leaves and umbels of white or pinkish to yellowish-green flowers.[2][3]

Petroselinum crispum (garden parsley) from southern Europe and northern Africa (southern Italy, Greece, Algeria, Tunisia) is an important culinary herb, widely used for flavouring and as a vegetable.

Petroselinum segetum (corn parsley) from western Europe (Great Britain and the Netherlands south through France to Italy, Spain and Portugal) is also edible with a similar flavour, but is not widely cultivated. It occurs in grassland, hedgerows, and river banks. In Great Britain it is confined to lowland regions in southern and central England and southern Wales, and is scarce and declining due to agricultural intensification.[2] It has narrower, more lanceolate leaves than garden parsley, only single pinnate, not tripinnate.[3]


The Euro+Med Plantbase Project: Petroselinum
Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Illustrated Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2
Interactive Flora of NW Europe: Petroselinum species list[permanent dead link] and genus description[permanent dead link]

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