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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Proteales

Familia: Proteaceae
Subfamilia: Grevilleoideae
Tribus: Embothrieae
Subtribus: Stenocarpinae
Genus: Stenocarpus
Species (3): S. dumbeensis – S. sinuatus – S. umbellifer
Source(s) of checklist:

Check (2): S. cunninghamii – S. salignus

Stenocarpus R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10(1): 201–202. (1810) nom. cons.

Type species: Stenocarpus umbellifer (Forster & Forster) Druce Rep. Bot. Soc. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1916: 648. (1917) Designated as Stenocarpus forsteri R. Br. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 210. (1810) nom. illeg..


Agnostus A.Cunn. ex Loudon, Hort. Brit. Suppl. 1: 580. (1832)
Cybele Salisb. ex Knight, Cult. Prot. 123. (1809) nom. rej.


Foreman, D.B & Hyland, B.P.M. 1988. New species of Buckinghamia F.Muell. and Stenocarpus R.Br. (Proteaceae) from northern Queensland. Muelleria, 6(6): 417–424. BHL. PDF. Reference page.
Foreman, D.B. 1995: Stenocarpus. Flora of Australia, 16: 363–369. Reference page. 2014. Stenocarpus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Oct. 17.

Stenocarpus is a genus of about 22 species of flowering plants in the family Proteaceae. They are trees or shrubs with variably-shaped leaves, zygomorphic, bisexual flowers, the floral tube opening on the lower side before separating into four parts, followed by fruit that is usually a narrow oblong or cylindrical follicle.


Plants in the genus Stenocarpus are trees or shrubs with leaves that may be simple, compound or lobed, depending on the species. The flowers are arranged in umbels or racemes at or near the ends of branches and are zygomorphic and bisexual. Four tepals form a flower tube that opens on the lower side at first before separating into four with a spherical end, there are four sessile anthers, the single carpel is stalked and the pollen presenter is an oblique, flattened disc. The fruit is a follicle that usually opens by splitting down one side and contains up to fifty seeds.[2][3][4][5]

The genus Stenocarpus was first formally described in 1810 by Robert Brown in the Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.[6][7] The name Stenocarpus means "narrow fruit", referring to the long follicles of most species.
Species list

The following is a list of Stenocarpus species accepted by Plants of the World Online as at September 2021:[8]

Stenocarpus acacioides F.Muell. (N.T., W.A.)
Stenocarpus angustifolius C.T.White (Qld.)
Stenocarpus comptonii S.Moore (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus cryptocarpus Foreman & B.Hyland – giant-leaved stenocarpus (Qld.)
Stenocarpus cunninghamii R.Br. (W.A., N.T., Qld.)
Stenocarpus davallioides Foreman & B.Hyland (Qld.)
Stenocarpus dumbeensis Guillaumin (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus gracilis Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus heterophyllus Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus intermedius Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus milnei Hook. (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus moorei F.Muell. (New Guinea, Qld., N.S.W.)
Stenocarpus phyllodineus S.Moore (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus reticulatus C.T.White (Qld.)
Stenocarpus rubiginosus Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus salignus R.Br. – scrub beefwood (N.S.W., Qld.)
Stenocarpus sinuatus (Otto & A.Dietr.) Endl. – firewheel tree (New Guinea, N.S.W., Qld.)
Stenocarpus tremuloides Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus trinervis (Montrouz.) Guillaumin (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus umbellifer (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Schltr. (New Caledonia)
Stenocarpus verticis Foreman (N.T., Qld.)
Stenocarpus villosus Brongn. & Gris (New Caledonia)


Twelve species of Stenocarpus are endemic to New Caledonia. Of the ten species found in Australia, eight are endemic, occurring in New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and Western Australia. A further two species, S. moorei and S. sinuatus also occur in New Guinea and the Aru Islands.[2][8][9][10]

"Stenocarpus". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
Foreman, Donald B. "Stenocarpus". Flora of Australia. Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment: Canberra. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
"Stenocarpus". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
Harden, Gwen J. "Stenocarpus". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
"Stenocarpus". Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
"Stenocarpus". APNI. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
Brown, Robert (1811). "On the Proteaceae of Jussieu". Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 10 (1): 201. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
"Stenocarpus". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
Morat, P.; Jaffré, T.; Tronchet, F.; Munzinger, J.; Pillon, Y.; Veillon, J.-M.; Chalopin, M. (27 May 2014) [Dec 2012]. "The taxonomic database "Florical" and characteristics of the indigenous Flora of New Caledonia" (PDF). Adansonia. sér. 3. 34 (2): 177–219. Retrieved 19 Dec 2013. Lay summary – Herbier: Florical (2014).
Virot, R. (1967). Protéacées. In Flore de La Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances, edited by A. Aubréville, 2:1–254. Paris: Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle.V

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