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Trifolium ciliolatum

Trifolium ciliolatum

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: T. subg. Trifolium
Sectio: T. sect. Involucrarium

Species: Trifolium ciliolatum

Trifolium ciliolatum Benth., 1849

Trifolium ciliatum Nutt., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 4: 8 (1848)
Trifolium ciliatum var. discolor Lojac.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
Regional: Western USA
California, Oregon, Washington

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Bentham, G. 1839–1857. Plantas Hartwegianas imprimis mexicanas adjectis nonnullis Grahamianis enumerat novasque describit Georgius Bentham. 393 pp. Londini [London]. BHL Reference page. : 304.

Additional references

Isely, D. (1998). Native and Naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States: 1-1007. Monte L. Bean Life Science Museum. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Trifolium ciliolatum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Trifolium ciliolatum. Published online. Accessed: Jun 15 2021. 2021. Trifolium ciliolatum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 15.
Hassler, M. 2021. Trifolium ciliolatum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 15. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Trifolium ciliolatum. Accessed: 15 Jun 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Trifolium ciliolatum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 28-Oct-07.

Vernacular names
English: foothill clover

Trifolium ciliolatum is a species of clover known by the common name foothill clover.[1] It is native to western North America from Washington to Baja California.

It is a common plant of many regions, including disturbed habitat.

It is an annual herb growing erect in form, with hairless herbage. The leaves are made up of toothed oval leaflets and have bristle-tipped stipules. The inflorescence is a head of flowers 1 or 2 centimeters wide, the flowers often spreading out or drooping. The flower has a calyx of bristle-like sepals lined with hairs and a pinkish or purplish corolla.

The seeds and vegetation of this plant were a common food of many local Native American groups.[2]

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Trifolium ciliolatum". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 15 December 2015.

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