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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genera: Medicago - Melilotus - Ononis - Parochetus - Trifolium - Trigonella


Trifolieae Endl., Fl. Poson.: 452 (1830).

Type genus: Trifolium L. Sp. Pl. 2: 764. (1753)

Note: This tribe is morphologically distinctive, but is considered paraphyletic, as circumscribed above. However, it is part of the monophyletic Vicoid clade that includes; Cicereae and Fabeae (as Vicieae), as well as Galega (Steele & Wojciechowski, 2003).

Endlicher, S.L. 1830. Flora Posoniensis: 452.
The Legume Research Group 2016. Trifolieae Legumes of the World. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. Accessed Jan. 29 (2016).
Steele, K.P. & Wojciechowski, M.F. 2003. Phylogenetic analyses of tribes Trifolieae and Vicieae, based on sequences of the plastid gene matK (Papilionoideae: Leguminosae). Advances in Legume Systematics 10: 355–370. PDF Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Trifolieae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 20 March 2006.

Vernacular names
العربية: نفلاوية
русский: Клеверные
Tiếng Việt: Tông Cỏ ba lá
中文: 車軸草族

The tribe Trifolieae is one of the subdivisions of the plant family Fabaceae. It is included within the inverted repeat-lacking clade (IRLC).[1] All of the members of this tribe are trifoliate.

These genera are recognized by the USDA:[2]

Medicago L. – alfalfas, medicks
Melilotus Mill. – sweetclovers
Ononis L. – restharrows
Parochetus Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don – shamrock pea, blue oxalis
Trifolium L. – clovers
Trigonella L. – fenugreeks


Martin F. Wojciechowski (July 11, 2006). "IRLC (Inverted Repeat-lacking clade)". Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
"Trifolieae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. January 17, 2003. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2010.

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