Pisces (constellation)

List of stars in Pisces
Abbreviation: Psc
Right ascension: h
Declination: +15°
Area: 889 sq. deg. (14th)
Main stars: 21
Bayer/Flamsteed stars: 78
Stars known to have planets: 5
Bright stars: 0
Nearby stars: 5
Brightest star: η Psc (3.6m)
Nearest star: Van Maanen's Star (14.1 ly)
Messier objects: 1
Meteor showers: Piscids
Bordering constellations: Triangulum
Visible at latitudes between +90° and −65°
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of November

Pisces ( /, Latin: fish (plural), symbol , Unicode ♓) is a zodiac constellation which lies between Aquarius to the west and Aries to the east.

The Vernal equinox is currently located in Pisces, due south of ω Psc, and, due to precession, slowly drifting below the western fish towards Aquarius.


The constellation resembles two fishes, each of which is tied to the same point by a long length of string. Generally the objects have been considered as fish, although since, by including fainter stars visible to the naked eye, the strings themself take on the appearance of stick-figure bodies (with the roundish objects thus becoming heads), some forms of early Greek mythology viewed it as men bound to a point. It is generally thought that in earlier depictions, only the constellation Piscis Austrinus was considered to be a fish.

According to one version in Greek mythology, this constellation represents fish into which Aphrodite and her son Eros transformed in order to escape the monstrous Typhon. The two fish are often depicted tied together with a cord (on their tails), to make sure they do not lose one another.

According to another version[citation needed], since the binding point is below the ecliptic, and thus considered to represent being in the underworld, and that one of the figures (the one on the left) appears to escape, but the other (on the right) seems to head back toward the ecliptic, then, together with Cetus (another constellation in the Zodiac sign of Pisces), this may have formed the basis of the myth of the capture of Cerberus, one of The Twelve Labours of Hercules.


Main article: Pisces (astrology)

The Western astrological sign Pisces of the tropical zodiac (February 20 - March 21) differs from the astronomical constellation and the Hindu astrological sign of the sidereal zodiac (March 12 - April 18).

Notable deep sky objects

Pisces contains one galaxy that is listed in Charles Messier's catalog, namely the spiral galaxy Messier 74.

Named Stars

* Bayer...Name..........Language....Meaning

* ά...........Al Rischa....Arabic...the cord

* β...........Samaka........Arabic.......fish

* δ...........Linteum........Latin........line

* ό...........Torcular........Latin........tube shaped

* έ...........Kaht............Persian......astrological

* ή...........Kullat Nunu...Akkadian...fish

* ζ...........Revati........Hindi......wealthy

* In addition, van Maanen's Star, at 12.36 magnitude, is located in this constellation.



* Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.

* Richard Hinckley Allen, Star Names, Their Lore and Legenc, New York, Dover: various dates.

* Thomas Wm. Hamilton, Useful Star Names, Holbrook, NY, Viewlex: 1968.

The 48 Ptolemy Constellations


The 88 modern constellations

Andromeda | Antlia | Apus | Aquarius | Aquila | Ara | Aries | Auriga | Boötes | Caelum | Camelopardalis | Cancer | Canes Venatici | Canis Major | Canis Minor | Capricornus | Carina | Cassiopeia | Centaurus | Cepheus | Cetus | Chamaeleon | Circinus | Columba | Coma Berenices | Corona Australis | Corona Borealis | Corvus | Crater | Crux | Cygnus | Delphinus | Dorado | Draco | Equuleus | Eridanus | Fornax | Gemini | Grus | Hercules | Horologium | Hydra | Hydrus | Indus | Lacerta | Leo | Leo Minor | Lepus | Libra | Lupus | Lynx | Lyra | Mensa | Microscopium | Monoceros | Musca | Norma | Octans | Ophiuchus | Orion | Pavo | Pegasus | Perseus | Phoenix | Pictor | Pisces | Piscis Austrinus | Puppis | Pyxis | Reticulum | Sagitta | Sagittarius | Scorpius | Sculptor | Scutum | Serpens | Sextans | Taurus | Telescopium | Triangulum | Triangulum Australe | Tucana | Ursa Major | Ursa Minor | Vela | Virgo | Volans | Vulpecula

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