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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Subclassis: Pterygota
Divisio: Neoptera
Subdivisio: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Cladus: Phytophaga
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea
Familia: Cerambycidae
Subfamiliae: Anoplodermatinae - Dorcasominae - Cerambycinae - Disteniinae - Lamiinae - Lepturinae - Necydalinae - Oxypeltinae - Parandrinae - Philinae - Prioninae - Spondylidinae - Vesperinae - Incertae Sedis

NOTE: Subfamiliae follows Lawrence & Newton (1995).


Cerambycidae Latreille, 1804


* Bousquet, Y.; Heffern, D.J.; Bouchard, P.; Nearns, E.H. 2009: Catalogue of family-group names in Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). Zootaxa, 2321: 1-80. Abstract & excerpt PDF
* Danilevsky, M. L., Cerambycoidea lists (MS Word format)
* Danilevsky, M.L., 2009: Species group taxa of longhorned beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) described by N. N. Plavilstshikov and their types preserved in the Zoological Museum of the Moscow State University and in the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg. Entomological Review 89 (6): 689-720. DOI: 10.1134/S0013873809060074. Abstract: [1].
* Hayashi, M., K. Morimoto and S. Kimoto, 1984. The Coleoptera of Japan in Color, vol. IV, Hoikusha (Osaka). ISBN 4-586-30071-X.
* Hoskovec, M. et M. Rejzek, Longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae) of the West Palearctic region
* Latreille, 1804. Hist. nat. Crust. Ins., 11: 259 (Cerambycini).
* Lawrence, J.F.; Newton, A.F., jr. 1995: Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). Pp. 779-1006 in Pakaluk, J.; Slipinski, S.A. (eds.) Biology, phylogeny, and classification of Coleoptera: papers celebrating the 80th birthday of Roy A. Crowson. Museum i Instytut Zoologii PAN, Warszawa.
* Ohbayashi, N., M. Satô and K. Kojima, 1992. An Illustrated Guide to Identification of Longicorn Beetle of Japan, Tokai University Press (Tokyo). ISBN 4-486-01181-3.
* Vives, E. 2009: Family Cerambycidae. Pp. 125-134 in: Gerlach, J. (ed.) The Coleoptera of the Seychelles Islands. Pensoft Publishers, Sofia-Moscow. ISBN 9789546424983
* Webster, R.P.; McCorquodale, D.B.; Majka, C.G. 2009: New records of Cerambycidae (Coleoptera) for New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island, Canada. In: Majka, C.G.; Klimaszewski, J. (eds) Biodiversity, biosystematics, and ecology of Canadian Coleoptera II. ZooKeys, 22: 285–308. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.22.122


* Tree of Life Web Project. 2005. Cerambycidae. Longhorn beetles. Version 03 November 2005 (temporary) in The Tree of Life Web Project
* Zoological Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Atlas of longicorn beetles (Cerambycidae) of Russia and adjacent countries - joint project

Vernacular names
Български: Сечковци
Česky: Tesaříkovití
Deutsch: Bockkäfer
English: Longhorn beetle
Français: Longicornes
עברית: יקרוניתיים
日本語: カミキリムシ科
한국어: 하늘소
Lietuvių: Ūsuočiai
Nederlands: Boktorren
Polski: Kózkowate
Русский: Усачи / Дровосеки
Slovenčina: Fuzáčovité
Suomi: Sarvijäärät
Svenska: Långhorningar
Українська: Вусачі
中文: 天牛科

Pyrrhidium sanguineum, Aromia moschata,

Rosalia alpina , Purpuricenus kaehleri, Aromia moschata var. ambrosiaca

Pogonochaerus hispidus, Pogonocherus fasciculatus, Aegomorphus clavipes,

Hylotrupes bajulus , Phytoecia affinis, Stictoleptura cordigera, Oberea oculata, Molorchus minor,

Rhagium sycophanta , Phytoecia caerulea, Phytoecia coerulescens, Monochamus galloprovincialis,

Cerambycidae, Cerambycidae ,

The longhorn beetles (Cerambycidae; also known as long-horned beetles or longicorns) are a cosmopolitan family of beetles, typically characterized by extremely long antennae, which are often as long as or longer than the beetle's body. In various members of the family, however, the antennae are quite short (e.g., Neandra brunnea, figured below) and such species can be difficult to distinguish from related beetle families such as Chrysomelidae. The family is large, with over 20,000 species described, slightly more than half from the Eastern Hemisphere. Several are serious pests, with the larvae boring into wood, where they can cause extensive damage to either living trees or untreated lumber (or, occasionally, to wood in buildings; the old-house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus, being a particular problem indoors). A number of species mimic ants, bees, and wasps, though a majority of species are cryptically colored. The rare giant long-horned beetle (Titanus giganteus) from northeastern South America is often considered the largest (though not the heaviest, and not the longest including legs) insect, with a maximum known body length of just over 16 centimeters.


As with many large families, different authorities have tended to recognize many different subfamilies, or sometimes split subfamilies off as separate families entirely (e.g., Disteniidae, Oxypeltidae, and Vesperidae; [1]); there is thus some instability and controversy regarding the constituency of the Cerambycidae (e.g., [2]). There are few truly defining features for the group as a whole, at least as adults, as there are occasional species or species groups which may lack any given feature; the family and its closest relatives, therefore, constitute a taxonomically difficult group, and relationships of the various lineages are still poorly understood.[2]

* Cerambycinae Latreille, 1802
* Disteniinae Thomson, 1861
* Dorcasominae Lacordaire, 1868
* Lamiinae Latreille, 1825
* Lepturinae Latreille, 1802
* Necydalinae Latreille, 1825
* Oxypeltinae Lacordaire, 1868
* Parandrinae Blanchard, 1845
* Prioninae Latreille, 1802
* Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832
* Vesperinae Mulsant, 1839

Notable genera and species
Decora Longicorn (Amphirhoe decora)

* Moneilema – cactus longhorn beetles
* Anoplophora chinensis – Citrus Long-horned Beetle
* Phymatodes nitidus
* Anoplophora glabripennis – Asian Long-horned Beetle
* Tetraopes tetrophthalmus – Red Milkweed Beetle
* Desmocerus californicus dimorphus – Valley Elderberry Longhorn Beetle
* Petrognatha gigas – Giant African Longhorn


1. ^ "Cerambycidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=114497.
2. ^ Arnett, et al. (2002) American Beetles, Vol. 2. CRC Press, 861 pp.
3. ^ Cerambycidae Zootaxa

Further reading

* Monné, Miguel A. & Hovore, Frank T. (2005) Electronic Checklist of the Cerambycidae of the Western Hemisphere. PDF Cerambycids.com

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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