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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Cladus: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribus: Eumaeini
Genus: Penaincisalia
Species: P. alatus – P. albalineata – P. alcacera – P. alina – P. amatamba – P. amatista – P. amazona – P. andreae – P. atymna – P. aurulenta – P. balzapamba – P. bimediana – P. biophot – P. browni – P. caeruleanota – P. caudata – P. celosia – P. cillutincarae – P. contraloxurina – P. cuiva – P. culminicola – P. cyanomediana – P. descimoni – P. dominiquae – P. downeyi – P. duviolsi – P. elisabeth – P. falcatamba – P. fassli – P. felizitas – P. ismaeli – P. juliae – P. lamasi – P. libertada – P. loxurina – P. magnifica – P. molipampa – P. oxapampa – P. penai – P. perezi – P. purpurea – P. rawlinsi – P. regala – P. santamarta – P. saraha – P. sigsiga – P. swarthea – P. vittata
Name

Penaincisalia Johnson, K., 1990.

Type Species: Thecla culminicola Staudinger, 1894.
Synonyms

Thecloxurina K. Johnson, 1992
Type species: Thecla loxurina C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865 by original designation.
Pons K. Johnson, 1992
Type species: Pons magnifica K. Johnson, 1992. by original designation.
Abloxurina K. Johnson, 1992
Type species: Penaincisalia ismaeli Busby & Hall, 2005 [Misidentified as Thecla amatista Dognin, 1895]
Fixation: Fixed under Article 70.3.2 by Prieto & Lorenc-Brudecka, 2014.
Candora K. Johnson, 1992

References

Bálint, Z. and Wojtusiak, J., 2001. The genus Pons Johnson, 1992 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini). Genus:, 12(3): 373–383, Wroclaw. PDF. Reference page.
Bálint, Zs., 2004: Notes on certain high Andean orange eumaine lycaenids with description of a new species from Peru (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini). Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis hungarici, 96: 261–272. Full article: [1].
Bálint, Z. & J. Wojtusiak, 2003: Notes on Ecuadorian and Peruvian species of the genus Thecloxurina Johnson, 1992 (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini), with descriptions of three new species. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 104 B: 363–386. Full article: [2]
Bálint, Z., Wojtusiak, J., Kertész, K., Biró, L.P. 2008: Description of Penaincisalia biophot with an emphasis on the optical properties of the wing dorsal surfaces (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Genus: 19(3): 343–353. full article (pdf). Reference page.
Constantino, L.M. & J.A. Salazar 1998: Description of new species, subspecies and new reports of the butterflies from Colombia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Riodininae: Nymphalidae: Charaxinae: Satyrinae: Morphinae). Shilap Revista de Lepidopterologia 26 (104): 197–205.
Hall, J.P.W.; Willmott, K.R., Busby, R.C. 2005: Five new Penaincisalia species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini) from the Andes of southern Ecuador and northern Peru. Zootaxa 797: 1–20. Abstract & excerpt Reference page.
Johnson, K., 1990. Penaincisalia, a new genus of “elfin”-like butterflies from the high Andes (Lepidoptera:Lycaenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 66(2): 97–125. Reference page.
Johnson, K., 1992. Genera and Species of the Neotropical 'elfin'-like hairstreak butterflies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Theclinae) Reports of the Museum of Natural History, University of Wisconsin (Stevens Point) 22 (1): 1–135. pdf. Reference page.
Prieto, C., Bálint, Z. 2007: Two new lycaenid butterfly species from the high Andes of Ecuador and Peru (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 68: 157-171. Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Prieto, C., 2008. Taxonomía, Biogeografía y Relaciones Filogenéticas del Género Alto-Andino Penaincisalia Johnson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini). Doctoral thesis, University of Alicante: 263pp. Researchgate. Reference page.
Prieto, C. 2010: Description of a new high Andean butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae) from the “Sierra Nevada del Cocuy”, Colombia. Zootaxa 2506: 59–64. Preview Reference page.
Prieto, C.; Lorenc-Brudecka, J. 2014: Type species fixation of the genus Abloxurina Johnson, 1992 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Zootaxa 3869(1): 97–100. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3869.1.10 reference page
Prieto, Grishin, Hausmann & Lorenc-Brudecka, 2016. The Penaincisalia amatista species-group (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Eumaeini) in Colombia, insights from mtDNA barcodes and the description of a new species, Systematicsand Biodiversity, 14:2, 171-183, DOI: [3] PDF. Reference page.
Bálint, Katona & Kertész, 2019. A new species of Penaincisalia (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from Peru. Opuscula Zoologica Budapest 50(2): 137–144. PDF. Reference page.

Penaincisalia is a genus of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae. It contains the following species, all found in the Neotropical realm:

partial list

Penaincisalia alatus Druce 1907
Penaincisalia anosma Draudt 1921
Penaincisalia atymna (Hewitson, 1870)
Penaincisalia bimediana Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia candor Druce 1907
Penaincisalia carmela Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia caudata Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia culminicola Staudinger 1894
Penaincisalia descimoni Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia downeyi Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia loxurina (C. & R. Felder, 1865)
Penaincisalia oribata Weymer 1890
Penaincisalia patagonaevaga Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia pichincha Johnson 1990
Penaincisalia rawlinsi Johnson 1990

References

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