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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Dipterocarpaceae
Subfamilia: Dipterocarpoideae
Genus: Dipterocarpus
Species: D. acutangulus – D. alatus – D. applanatus – D. baudii – D. borneensis – D. bourdillonii – D. caudatus – D. caudiferus – D. chartaceus – D. cinereus – D. concavus – D. condorensis – D. confertus – D. conformis – D. coriaceus – D. cornutus – D. costatus – D. costulatus – D. crinitus – D. cuspidatus – D. dyeri – D. elongatus – D. eurhynchus – D. fagineus – D. fusiformis – D. geniculatus – D. glabrigemmatus – D. glandulosus – D. globosus – D. gracilis – D. grandiflorus – D. hasseltii – D. hispidus – D. humeratus – D. indicus – D. insignis – D. intricatus – D. kerrii – D. kunstleri – D. lamellatus – D. littoralis – D. lowii – D. megacarpus – D. mundus – D. nudus – D. oblongifolius – D. obtusifolius – D. ochraceus – D. orbicularis – D. pachyphyllus – D. palembanicus – D. perakensis – D. retusus – D. rigidus – D. rotundifolius – D. sarawakensis – D. scaber – D. semivestitus – D. stellatus – D. sublamellatus – D. tempehes – D. tuberculatus – D. turbinatus – D. validus – D. verrucosus – D. zeylanicus

Dipterocarpus C.F.Gaertn., 1805

Type species: Dipterocarpus costatus C.F. Gaertn. LT designated by Bullock, Kew Bull. 14: 42 (1960).

Primary references

Gaertner, C.F., 1805. Supplementum Carpologiae 50. 1805.


Hassler, M. 2020. Dipterocarpus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 15. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Dipterocarpus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Dipterocarpus. Published online. Accessed: Mar 15 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Dipterocarpus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Mar 15.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Dipterocarpus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Dipterocarpus is a genus of flowering plants and the type genus of family Dipterocarpaceae.

Dipterocarpus is the third-largest and most diverse genus among the Dipterocarpaceae. The species are well known for timber, but less acknowledged for use in traditional herbal medicine.[1] The genus has about 70 species,[2] occurring in South Asia and Southeast Asia, from Sri Lanka and India to the Philippines.[3] It is an important component of dipterocarp forests. Its generic name comes from Greek and means "two-winged fruits".

The greatest diversity of Dipterocarpus species occurs on Borneo, with many endemic to the island. The oldest fossil of the genus, and Dipterocarpaceae, is from the latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Intertrappean Beds of India.[4]

Garden decking made from reclaimed Keruing floorboards.
Garden decking is made from reclaimed Keruing floorboards.

The genus is of considerable importance as timber trees, sold under the trade name Keruing, although not as important as Shorea species. D. turbinatus, gurjan, is a major commercial timber species found in the Andaman islands. Gurjan wood is very important for making plywood.
Selected species

Species include:[2]

Dipterocarpus acutangulus
Dipterocarpus alatus
Dipterocarpus applanatus
Dipterocarpus baudii
Dipterocarpus borneensis
Dipterocarpus bourdilloni
Dipterocarpus caudatus
Dipterocarpus caudiferus
Dipterocarpus chartaceus
Dipterocarpus cinereus
Dipterocarpus concavus
Dipterocarpus condorensis
Dipterocarpus confertus
Dipterocarpus conformis
Dipterocarpus coriaceus
Dipterocarpus cornutus
Dipterocarpus costatus
Dipterocarpus costulatus
Dipterocarpus crinitus
Dipterocarpus cuspidatus
Dipterocarpus dyeri
Dipterocarpus elongatus
Dipterocarpus eurynchus
Dipterocarpus fagineus
Dipterocarpus fusiformis
Dipterocarpus geniculatus
Dipterocarpus glabrigemmatus
Dipterocarpus glandulosus
Dipterocarpus globosus
Dipterocarpus gracilis
Dipterocarpus grandiflorus, the wood is sold as keruing timber
Dipterocarpus hasseltii
Dipterocarpus hispidus
Dipterocarpus humeratus
Dipterocarpus indicus
Dipterocarpus insignis
Dipterocarpus intricatus
Dipterocarpus kerrii, the wood is sold as keruing timber
Dipterocarpus kunstleri
Dipterocarpus lamellatus
Dipterocarpus littoralis
Dipterocarpus lowii
Dipterocarpus megacarpus
Dipterocarpus mundus
Dipterocarpus nudus
Dipterocarpus oblongifolius
Dipterocarpus obtusifolius
Dipterocarpus ochraceus
Dipterocarpus orbicularis
Dipterocarpus pachyphyllus
Dipterocarpus palembanicus
Dipterocarpus perakensis
Dipterocarpud pseudocornutus
Dipterocarpus retusus
Dipterocarpus rigidus
Dipterocarpus rotundifolius
Dipterocarpus sarawakensis, locally called the Sarawak keruing
Dipterocarpus semivestitus
Dipterocarpus stellatus
Dipterocarpus sublamellatus
Dipterocarpus tempehes
Dipterocarpus tuberculatus
Dipterocarpus turbinatus, the wood is sold as keruing timber
Dipterocarpus validus
Dipterocarpus verrucosus
Dipterocarpus zeylanicus


Christophe Wiart (2006). Medicinal Plants of the Asia-Pacific: Drugs for the Future?. World Scientific.
"The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species".
Ashton, P. S. (2003), Kubitzki, Klaus; Bayer, Clemens (eds.), "Dipterocarpaceae", Flowering Plants · Dicotyledons: Malvales, Capparales and Non-betalain Caryophyllales, The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 182–197, doi:10.1007/978-3-662-07255-4_20, ISBN 978-3-662-07255-4, retrieved 2021-07-02
Khan, Mahasin Ali; Spicer, Robert A.; Spicer, Teresa E. V.; Roy, Kaustav; Hazra, Manoshi; Hazra, Taposhi; Mahato, Sumana; Kumar, Sanchita; Bera, Subir (2020-11-03). "Dipterocarpus (Dipterocarpaceae) leaves from the K-Pg of India: a Cretaceous Gondwana presence of the Dipterocarpaceae". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 306 (6): 90. doi:10.1007/s00606-020-01718-z. ISSN 1615-6110.

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