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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: †Trilobitomorpha
Classis: †Trilobita
Ordo: †Redlichiida
Subordo: †Olenellina
Superfamilia: Olenelloidea

Familia: Olenellidae
Subfamilia: Bristoliinae
Genera: Arcuolenellus - Bolbolenellus - Bristolia - Nephrolenellus

The Bristoliinae is an extinct subfamily of trilobites, fossil marine arthropods, with species of small to average size. Species belonging to this subfamily lived during the Botomian and Toyonian stage (Olenellus-zone), 522-513 million years ago, in the former continent of Laurentia, including what are today Mexico, the Appalachian Mountains and the south-western United States, and Canada (Northwest Territories).[1]

The Bristoliinae are named for the type species Bristolia bristolensis.

The headshield (or cephalon) carries spines (called genal spines) of approximately 4-8 thorax segments long (measured parallel to the midline). The genal spines are attached in front of the back of the headshield. The central raised portion of the cephalon that represents the axis in the cephalon (or glabella) touches the flattened ledge that borders the cephalon. The furrows that separate border, eye ridges, glabella and its lobes are distinct.[1][2]
Communalities and differences with Biceratopsinae

The Bristolinae can be distinguished from its sister subfamily, the Biceratopsinae, that has effaced cephalic features (no furrows except for the border furrow).[1]

All Bristoliinae occur in the late Lower Cambrian (Olenellus-zone) of the former paleocontinent Laurentia. Fremontella halli is known from eastern Laurentia (Rome Formation, Alabama, USA). All other species are known from western Laurentia: Lochmanolenellus mexicana from northern Mexico and South-East California, the species of Bristolia from southeastern California and southern Nevada, and an undescribed Bristolia-species from the North-West Territories, Canada.[1]

The Bristolinae were probably marine bottom dwellers, like all Olenellina.

Lieberman, B.S. (1999). "Systematic Revision of the Olenelloidea (Trilobita, Cambrian)" (PDF). Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History. 45.
Lieberman, B.S. (1998). "Cladistic Analysis of the Early Cambrian Olenelloid Trilobites" (PDF). Journal of Paleontology. 72 (1): 59–78. doi:10.1017/S0022336000024021.[permanent dead link]


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