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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Asilomorpha
Superfamilia: Nemestrinoidea

Familia: Acroceridae
Subfamilia: Acrocerinae
Genus: Acrocera
Subgenera: A. (Acrocera) – A. (Acrocerina)
Overview of species (48)

A. altaica – A. arizonensis – A. ashleyi – A. bacchulus – A. bakeri – A. bicolor – A. bimaculata – A. brasiliensis – A. bucharica – A. bulla – A. cabrerae – A. chiiensis – A. convexa – A. fasciata – A. flaveola – A. fumipennis – A. honorati – A. infurcata – A. khamensis – A. laeta – A. lindneri – A. londti – A. melanderi – A. melanogaster – A. mongolica – A. natalensis – A. nigrina – A. nigrofemorata – A. obnubila – A. obscura – A. obsoleta – A. orbiculus – A. paitana – A. pallidivena – A. plebeia – A. prima – A. rhodesiensis – A. sanguinea – A. sordida – A. stansburyi – A. stelviana – A. subfasciata – A. tarsalis – A. transbaicalica – A. trifasciata – A. turneri – A. unguiculata – A. vansoni

[Sources: Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist; Kehlmaier & Almeida (2014)]

Acrocera Meigen, 1803: 266

Type species: Syrphus globulus Panzer, 1802 [= Syrphus orbiculus Fabricius, 1787], by monotypy.

Paracrocera Mik, 1886: 276
Type species: Acrocera tumida Erichson, 1840 [= Syrphus orbiculus Fabricius, 1787], by subsequent designation by Coquillett, 1910: 583.

Primary references

Meigen, J. 1803. Versuch einer neuen Gattungseintheilung der europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Magazin für Insektenkunde 2: 259–281. BHL. Reference page.

Additional references

Barraclough, D.A. 1984. Review of some Afrotropical Acroceridae, with descriptions of eight new species from South Africa (Diptera: Brachycera). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 47(1): 45–66. PDF.
Barraclough, D.A. 2000. The Acroceridae (Diptera) of Namibia, with descriptions of two new species. Cimbebasia 16: 25–30. [not seen]
Gillung, J.P. & Carvalho, C.J.B., de 2009. Acroceridae (Diptera): a pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera. Zootaxa 2175: 29–41. Abstract & excerpt. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2175.1.3 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
González, C.R., Elgueta, M. & Ramírez, F. 2018. A catalog of Acroceridae (Diptera) from Chile. Zootaxa 4374(3): 427–440. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4374.3.6 Paywall. ResearchGate Open access. Reference page.
Kehlmaier, C. & Almeida, J.M. 2014. New host records for European Acroceridae (Diptera), with discussion of species limits of Acrocera orbiculus (Fabricius) based on DNA-barcoding. Zootaxa 3780(1): 135–152. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3780.1.5 Paywall. Reference page.
Larrivée, M. & Borkent, C.J. 2009. New spider host associations for three acrocerid fly species (Diptera, Acroceridae). Journal of arachnology 37(2): 241–242. DOI: 10.1636/T08-62.1
Sabrosky, C.W. 1944. A revision of the American spider parasites of the genera Ogcodes and Acrocera (Diptera, Acroceridae). American Midland Naturalist 31(2): 385–413. DOI: 10.2307/2421075. JSTOR.
Schlinger, E.I. 1960. Additional notes on the South African Acrocerid fauna, with descriptions of new species of Acrocera Meigen and Psilodera Gray (Diptera). Annals of the Natal Museum 15(3): 57–67. PDF.
Schlinger, E.I. 1961. New species of Acrocera from Arizona and Ocnaea from California, with synonymical notes on the genus Ocnaea (Diptera: Acroceridae). Entomological news 72: 7–12. BHL
Schlinger, E.I. 1961. A review of the Acroceridae of Madagascar (Diptera). Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar (E) 12: 257–267. PDF


Nomenclator Zoologicus

Acrocera is a genus of small-headed flies in the family Acroceridae. There are around 50 described species in Acrocera.[2][3]


These 49 species belong to the genus Acrocera:

Subgenus Acrocera:

Acrocera altaica Pleske, 1930 c g
Acrocera arizonensis Cole, 1919 i c g[4]
Acrocera ashleyi Barraclough, 2000 c g
Acrocera bacchulus (Frey, 1936) c g
Acrocera bakeri Coquillett, 1904 i c g
Acrocera bicolor Macquart, 1846 c g
Acrocera bimaculata Loew, 1866 i c g b
Acrocera brasiliensis Gil Collado, 1928 c g
Acrocera bucharica Nartshuk, 1982 c g
Acrocera bulla Westwood, 1848 i c g[5]
Acrocera chiiensis Ouchi, 1942 c g
Acrocera convexa Cole, 1919 i c g[4]
Acrocera fasciata Wiedemann, 1830 i c g
Acrocera flaveola Sabrosky, 1944 i c g [6]
Acrocera fumipennis Westwood, 1848 i c g[5]
Acrocera honorati Brèthes, 1925 c g [1]
Acrocera infurcata Brunetti, 1926 c g[7]
Acrocera khamensis Pleske, 1930 c g
Acrocera laeta Gerstaecker, 1856 c g
Acrocera lindneri Sabrosky, 1954 c g
Acrocera londti Barraclough, 1984 c g
Acrocera melanderi Cole, 1919 i c g b[4]
Acrocera melanogaster Schlinger, 1961 i c g[8]
Acrocera mongolica Pleske, 1930 c g
Acrocera natalensis Schlinger, 1960 c g[9]
Acrocera nigrina Westwood, 1848 i c g[5]
Acrocera obnubila Nartshuk, 1979 c g
Acrocera obsoleta Van der Wulp, 1867 i c g b
Acrocera orbiculus (Fabricius, 1787) i c g b
Acrocera paitana (Seguy, 1956) c g
Acrocera pallidivena Schlinger, 1960 c g[9]
Acrocera plebeia Brunetti, 1926 c g[7]
Acrocera prima De Meijere, 1914 c g
Acrocera rhodesiensis Schlinger, 1960 c g[9]
Acrocera sordida Pleske, 1930 c g
Acrocera stanburyi Johnson, 1923 i g
Acrocera stansburyi Johnson, 1923 c g b
Acrocera subfasciata Westwood, 1848 i c g b[5]
Acrocera tarsalis Nartshuk, 1975 c g
Acrocera transbaicalica Pleske, 1930 c g
Acrocera turneri Schlinger, 1960 c g[9]
Acrocera unguiculata Westwood, 1848 i c g b[5]
Acrocera vansoni Schlinger, 1960 c g[10]

Subgenus Acrocerina Gil Collado, 1929:

Acrocera cabrerae Frey, 1936 c g
Acrocera nigrofemorata Meigen, 1804 c g
Acrocera obscura Gil Collado, 1929 c g
Acrocera sanguinea Meigen, 1804 c g
Acrocera stelviana Pokorny, 1886 c g
Acrocera trifasciata Pleske, 1930 c g

Data sources: i = ITIS,[3] c = Catalogue of Life,[11] g = GBIF,[12] b =[2]

The fossil species Acrocera hirsuta Scudder, 1877 is not considered an acrocerid, instead appearing closer to the Mythicomyiidae.[13]

González, Christian R.; Elgueta, Mario; Ramirez, Francisco (2018). "A catalog of Acroceridae (Diptera) from Chile". Zootaxa. 4374 (3): 427–440. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4374.3.6. PMID 29689809.
"Acrocera Genus: Information". Retrieved 27 January 2018.
"Acrocera Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 27 January 2018.
Cole, F. R. (1919). "The Dipterous Family Cyrtidae in North America". Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 45 (1): 1–79. JSTOR 25077002.
Westwood, J. O. (1848). "Descriptions of some new exotic species of Acroceridae (Vesiculosa, Latr.), a family of dipterous insects". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 5 (4): 91–98. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2311.1848.tb02978.x.
Sabrosky, C. W. (1944). "A Revision of the American Spider Parasites of the Genera Ogcodes and Acrocera (Diptera, Acroceridae)". The American Midland Naturalist. 31 (2): 385–413. doi:10.2307/2421075. JSTOR 2421075.
Brunetti, E. (1926). "New and little-known Cyrtidæ (Diptera)". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 9. 18 (107): 561–606. doi:10.1080/00222932608633552.
Schlinger, E.I. (1961). "New Species of Acrocera from Arizona and Ocnaea from California, with Synonymical Notes on the Genus: Ocnaea (Diptera: Acroceridae)". Entomological News. 72: 7–12.
Schlinger, E. I. (1960). "A review of the South African Acroceridae (Diptera)". Annals of the Natal Museum. 14 (3): 459–504.
Schlinger, E. I. (1960). "Additional Notes on the South African Acrocerid Fauna, with Descriptions of New Species of Acrocera Meigen and Psilodera Gray (Diptera)" (PDF). Annals of the Natal Museum. 15 (3): 57–67. hdl:10520/AJA03040798_809.
"Browse Acrocera". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
"Acrocera". GBIF. Retrieved 18 March 2018.

Evenhuis, N.L. (2 April 2014). "Family Acroceridae". Catalog of the fossil flies of the world (Insecta: Diptera) website. 2.0.

Further reading

Ross H. Arnett (30 July 2000). American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-0212-1.
Charles, H. Curran (1934). "The families and genera of North American Diptera". doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6825.
McAlpine, J.F.; Petersen, B.V.; Shewell, G.E.; Teskey, H.J.; et al. (1987). Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Research Branch Agriculture Canada. ISBN 978-0660121253.

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