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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Supercohort: Polyneoptera
Cohort: Anartioptera
Magnordo: Polyorthoptera
Superordo: Orthopterida
Ordo: Phasmatodea
Subordo: Verophasmatodea
Infraordo: Areolatae
Superfamilia: Pseudophasmatoidea

Familia: Heteronemiidae
Subfamilia: Heteronemiinae
Tribus: Heteronemiini - Paraleptyniini - Pygirhynchini

Heteronemiidae Rehn, 1804
Type genus: Heteronemia Gray, 1835


Paul D. Brock 2009: Phasmida Species File (Version 5.0/5.0) [1]* Chen, S.C. & Y.H. Hen 1997: A NEW GENUS AND NEW SPECIES OF HETERONEMIIDAE FROM GUANGXI, CHINA (PHASMATODEA: HETERONEMIIDAE). Acta Entomologica Sinica 40(3): 297 - 299. Full article: [2].
Zompro, O. 2004: Revision of the genera of the Areolatae, including the status of Timema and Agathemera (Insecta, Phasmatodea). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg NF 37 327 pp. Goecke & Evers

Heteronemiidae is a family of walkingsticks in the order Phasmatodea. There are about 14 genera and at least 80 described species in Heteronemiidae.[1][2][3]
Parabacillus hesperus


These 14 genera belong to the family Heteronemiidae:[2][3]

Parabacillus Caudell, 1903 (short-horn walkingsticks)


"Heteronemiidae Family Information". Retrieved 2018-03-06.
"Heteronemiidae Overview". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 2018-03-06.

"Browse Heteronemiidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-03-06.

Further reading

Arnett, Ross H. Jr. (2000). American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. 2nd Edition. CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0212-9.
Borror, Donald J.; Peterson, Roger Tory; White, Richard E. (1998). A Field Guide to Insects. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0395911709.
Bradley, James Chester; Galil, Bella S. (1977). "The taxonomic arrangement of the Phasmatodea with keys to the subfamilies and tribes". Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 79 (2): 176–208. ISSN 0013-8797.
Brock, Paul D. (1999). The amazing world of stick and leaf-insects. The Amateur Entomologist. 26. The Amateur Entomologists' Society. ISBN 0-900054-63-8.
Gillott, Cedric (1980). Entomology. Plenum Press. ISBN 0-306-40366-8.
Kellogg, Vernon L. (1905). American insects. H. Holt.
Majka, C. (2009). "Thomas L. Casey and Rhode Island". ZooKeys (22): 267. doi:10.3897/zookeys.22.93.
Misof, B.; Liu, S.; Meusemann, K.; Peters, R.S.; et al. (2014). "Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution". Science. 346 (6210): 763. doi:10.1126/science.1257570. PMID 25378627.
Otte, Daniel; Brock, Paul (2005). Phasmida Species File: Catalog of Stick and Leaf Insects of the World. Second Edition. Insect Diversity Association at the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. ISBN 1-929014-08-2.

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