Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Paraneoptera
Superordo: Condylognatha
Ordo: Hemiptera
Subordo: Heteroptera
Infraordo: Cimicomorpha
Superfamilia: Cimicoidea

Familia: Anthocoridae
Subfamilia: Anthocorinae
Tribus: Oriini
Genus: Orius
Subgenera: O. (Dimorphella) – Heterorius – O. (Microtrachelia) – O. (Orius) – O. (Paraorius) – O. (Trichorius) – O. (Xylorius)
Overview of species

O. albidipennis – O. allaudi – O. alpina – O. armatus – O. atratus – O. cardiostethoides – O. chadwicki – O. dendrophilus – O. gracilis – O. heterorioides – O. heynei – O. jeanneli – O. lobeliae – O. maura – H. minutus – O. miyamotoi – O. shakebi – O. sjoestedti – O. takaii – O. tantillus – O. thripoborus – O. ugandensis – O. vicinus

Orius Wolff, 1811

Ghauri, M.S.K. 1972: The identity of Orius tantillus (Motschulsky) and notes on other Oriental Anthocoridae (Hemiptera, Heteroptera). Journal of natural history, 6: 409–421. DOI: 10.1080/00222937200770381
Ghauri, M.S.K. 1980: Notes on Anthocoridae (Heteroptera) with descriptions of two new species of economic importance from Africa. Bulletin of entomological research, 70: 287–291.
Ghauri, M.S.K. 1985: New Anthocoridae from Kuwait and Ethiopia (Heteroptera). Reichenbachia, 23 (1): 81–86.
Hernandez, L.M.; Stonedahl, G.M. 1999: A review of the economically important species of the genus Orius (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in East Africa. Journal of natural history, 33: 543–568. DOI: 10.1080/002229399300245
Jung, S.; Yasunaga, T.; Lee, S. 2011: Taxonomic review of the genus Orius (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in the Korean Peninsula. Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology, 14 (1): 64–74. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2010.11.014
Yasunaga, T. 1993: A taxonomic study on the subgenus Heterorius Wagner of the genus Orius Wolff from Japan (Heteroptera, Anthocoridae). Japanese journal of entomology, 61 (1): 11–22.
Yasunaga, T. 1997: The flower bug genus Orius Wolff (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) from Japan and Taiwan, Part 1. Applied entomology and zoology, 32: 355–364.
Yasunaga, T. 2000: A new species of the genus Orius Wolff (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) found on Okinawa Island, Japan. Applied entomology and zoology, 35: 9–12.
Yasunaga, T.; Miyamoto, S. 1993: Three anthocorid species (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae), predators of Thrips palmi (Thysanoptera) in eggplant gardens of Thailand. Applied entomology and zoology, 28: 227–232.

The genus Orius (commonly called minute pirate bug) consists of omnivorous bugs in the family Anthocoridae (pirate bugs). Adults are 2–5 mm long and feed mostly on smaller insects, larva and eggs, such as spider mites, thrips, jumping plant lice,[1] and white fly, but will also feed on pollen and vascular sap.[2]

These predators are common in gardens and landscapes. They have a fairly painful bite, but are not venomous.

Some species are raised commercially and sold to growers as a form of biological control.

In laboratory conditions, the larval development of Orius niger takes 14 days at a temperature of 25°; females have a longevity of 60 days and can lay up to 150 eggs.[3]


Orius candiope Herring, 1966
Orius diespeter Herring, 1966
Orius harpocrates Herring, 1966
Orius insidiosus (Say, 1832) (insidious flower bug)
Orius minutus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Orius niger (Wolff, 1811)
Orius pumilio (Champion, 1900)
Orius tantillus (Motschulsky)
Orius thyestes Herring, 1966
Orius tristicolor (White, 1879)


Hérard, Franck (1986). "Annotated list of the entomophagous complex associated with pear psylla, Psylla pyri (L.) (Hom.: Psyllidae) in France" (PDF). Agronomie. 6: 1–34. doi:10.1051/agro:19860101.
Kiman, Z. B. & Yeargan, K. V. (1985). "Development and reproduction of the predator Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) reared on diets of selected plant material and arthropod prey". Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 78 (4): 464–467. doi:10.1093/aesa/78.4.464.
Jean-Lou Justine (1978) [Contribution to the study of the influence of alimentation on the development and reproduction of Orius niger Wolff, 1811 (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae)] Contribution à l'étude de l'influence de l'alimentation sur le développement et la reproduction d'Orius niger Wolff, 1811 (Heteroptera : Anthocoridae). Masters Thesis, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France, 92 pages [in French with English abstract] doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.155299

Insects, Fine Art Prints

Insects Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World