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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Antliophora
Ordo: Diptera
Subordo: Brachycera
Infraordo: Asilomorpha
Superfamilia: Nemestrinoidea

Familia: Acroceridae
Subfamilia: Panopinae
Genus: Pterodontia
Species: P. analis – P. davisi – P. dimidiata – P. flavonigra – P. longisquama – P. melli – P. virmondii
Unaccepted species (1): P. variegata

Pterodontia Gray, 1832: 779

Type species: Pterodontia flavipes Gray, 1832, by monotypy.

Pteredontia Macquart, 1835: 514 [incorrect spelling]
Nothra Westwood, 1876: 514
Type species: Nothra bicolor Westwood, 1876 [= Pterodontia melli Erichson, 1840], by monotypy.

Pterodontia sp. fly

Pterodontia sp. fly in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Primary references

Gray, G.R., 1832. In Griffith, E. The Animal Kingdom Arranged In Conformity With Its Organization, By The Baron Cuvier 14: 140 pls; 15: pp 1–796. Text BHL plates BHL Reference page.
Westwood, J.O. 1876. Notae dipterologicae. No. 3. - Descriptions of new genera and species of the family Acroceridae. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1876: 507–518, plates V-VI. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.1876.tb01927.x Paywall. BHL. Reference page.

Additional references

Gillung, J.P. 2016. FAMILY ACROCERIDAE. In: Wolff, M.I., Nihei, S.S. & Carvalho, C.J.B. de (eds.), Catalogue of Diptera of Colombia. Zootaxa 4122(1): 346–349. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4122.1.28 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
Gillung, J.P. & Carvalho, C.J.B., de 2009. Acroceridae (Diptera): a pictorial key and diagnosis of the Brazilian genera. Zootaxa 2175: 29–41. Abstract & excerpt. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.2175.1.3 Paywall. PDF. Reference page.
Evenhuis, N.L., Pape, T. & Pont, A.C. 2016. Nomenclatural Studies Toward a World List of Diptera Genus:-Group Names. Part V: Pierre-Justin-Marie Macquart. Zootaxa 4172(1): 1–211. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4172.1.1 Open access. Full article (PDF) ISBN 978-1-77557-528-3 (paperback); ISBN 978-1-77557-529-0 (Online edition) Reference page.
Macfarlane, R.P., Maddison, P.A., Andrew, I.G., Berry, J.A., Johns, P.M., Hoare, R.J.B., Larivière, M.-C., Greenslade, P., Henderson, R.C., Smithers, C.N., Palma, R.L., Ward, J.B., Pilgrim, R.L.C., Towns, D.R., McLellan, I., Teulon, D.A.J., Hitchings, T.R., Eastop, V.F., Martin, N.A., Fletcher, M.J., Stufkens, M.A.W., Dale, P.J., Burckhardt, D., Buckley, T.R. & Trewick, S.A. 2010. Phylum Arthropoda subphylum Hexapoda: Protura, springtails, Diplura, and insects. Pp. 233–467 in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) 2010. New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume 2. Kingdom Animalia. Chaetognatha, Ecdysozoa, ichnofossils. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. Reference page. PDF. Reference page.
Paramonov, S.J. 1957. A review of Australian Acroceridae (Diptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 5(4): 521–546. DOI: 10.1071/ZO9570521 Paywall. Reference page.
Schlinger, E.I. 1960. A review of the South African Acroceridae (Diptera). Annals of the Natal Museum 14(3): 459–504. BioNames.


Australasian/Oceanian Diptera Catalog -- Web Version
image on Flickr of Pterodontia melli
Nomenclator Zoologicus

Pterodontia is a genus of small-headed flies (insects in the family Acroceridae). There are at least 20 described species in Pterodontia.[3][4][5][6]


Pterodontia have eyes that are covered in hairs. Their antennae are attached below the middle of the head, and are small, short and inconspicuous. Their mouthparts are small and nearly imperceptible. The tibia have small, atypical spurs. The males have a tooth-like projection on the costal edge of the wing.[6]

These 19 species belong to the genus Pterodontia:

Pterodontia aerivaga Seguy, 1962 c g
Pterodontia analis Macquart, 1846 c g
Pterodontia andina Brèthes, 1910 c g
Pterodontia davisi Paramonov, 1957 c g[7]
Pterodontia dimidiata Westwood, 1876 c g[2]
Pterodontia ezoensis Ouchi, 1942 c g
Pterodontia flavipes Gray, 1832 i c g b[1]
Pterodontia flavonigra Carrera, 1947 c g
Pterodontia johnsoni Cole, 1919 i c g b[8]
Pterodontia kashmirensis Lichtwardt, 1909 c g
Pterodontia longisquama Sabrosky, 1947 c g
Pterodontia mellii Erichson, 1840 c g
Pterodontia misella Osten Sacken, 1877 i c g b[9]
Pterodontia notomaculata Sabrosky, 1948 i c g b[10]
Pterodontia smithi Johnson, 1898 c g
Pterodontia virmondii Erichson, 1840 c g
Pterodontia vix Townsend, 1895 i c g b
Pterodontia waxelii (Klug, 1807) c g
Pterodontia westwoodi Sabrosky, 1948 i c g b[10]

Pterodontia variegata White, 1914 c g is considered to be a synonym of Pterodontia mellii Erichson, 1840.[11]

Data sources: i = ITIS,[3] c = Catalogue of Life,[4] g = GBIF,[5] b =[6]

Griffith, E.; Pidgeon, E. (1832). "The class Insecta arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with supplementary additions to each order by Edward Griffith, F.L.S., A.S. &c. and Edward Pidgeon, Esq. and notices of new genera and species by George Gray, Esq. Volume the second". In Griffith, E.; et al. (eds.). The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with supplementary additions to each order. Volume the fifteenth. London: Whittaker, Treacher & Co. pp. 1–793.
Westwood, J. O. (1876). "Notae Dipterologicae. No. 3.— Descriptions of new genera and species of the family Acroceridae". Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. 1876: 507–518.
"Pterodontia Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
"Browse Pterodontia". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
"Pterodontia". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
"Pterodontia Genus: Information". Retrieved 2018-04-25.
Paramonov, S. J. (1957). "A review of Australian Acroceridae (Diptera)". Australian Journal of Zoology. 5 (4): 521–546. doi:10.1071/ZO9570521.
Cole, F. R. (1919). "The Dipterous Family Cyrtidae in North America". Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 45 (1): 1–79. JSTOR 25077002.
Osten Sacken, C.R. (1877). "Western Diptera: Descriptions of new genera and species of Diptera from the region west of the Mississippi and especially from California". Bulletin of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. 3 (189–354). doi:10.5962/bhl.title.57939.
Sabrosky, C.W. (1948). "A Further Contribution to the Classification of the North American Spider Parasites of the Family Acroceratidae (Diptera)". The American Midland Naturalist. 39 (2): 382–430. doi:10.2307/2421592. JSTOR 2421592.

Winterton, S. L. (2012). "Review of Australasian spider flies (Diptera, Acroceridae) with a revision of Panops Lamarck". ZooKeys (172): 7–75. doi:10.3897/zookeys.172.1889. PMC 3307363. PMID 22448114.

Further reading

McAlpine, J. F.; Petersen, B. V.; Shewell, G. E.; Teskey, H. J.; Vockeroth, J. R.; Wood, D. M., eds. (1981). Manual of Nearctic Diptera, Volume I. Agriculture Canada, Research Branch. ISBN 978-0-660-10731-8.

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