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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Dendrobatidae
Subfamilia: Hyloxalinae
Genus: Hyloxalus
Species: H. abditaurantius - H. aeruginosus - H. anthracinus – H. argyrogaster – H. awa – H. azureiventris – H. betancuri – H. bocagei – H. borjai – H. breviquartus – H. cevallosi – H. chlorocraspedus – H. chocoensis – H. delatorreae – H. edwardsi – H. elachyhistus – H. eleutherodactylus – H. exasperatus – H. excisus – H. faciopunctulatus – H. fallax – H. fascianigrus – H. fuliginosus – H. idiomelus – H. infraguttatus – H. insulatus – H. italoi – H. lehmanni – H. leucophaeus – H. littoralis – H. maculosus – H. maquipucuna – H. marmoreoventris – H. mittermeieri – H. mystax – H. nexipus – H. parcus – H. patitae – H. peculiaris – H. pinguis – H. pulchellus – H. pulcherrimus – H. pumilus – H. ramosi – H. ruizi – H. saltuarius – H. sauli – H. shuar – H. sordidatus – H. spilotogaster – H. subpunctatus – H. sylvaticus – H. toachi – H. utcubambensis – H. vergeli – H. vertebralis – H. whymperi – H. yasuni


Hyloxalus Jiménez de la Espada, 1871

Type species: Hyloxalus fuliginosus Jiménez de la Espada, 1871

Hyloxalus Jiménez de la Espada, 1871
Phyllodromus Jiménez de la Espada, 1875
Hylixalus Boulenger, 1882
Cryptophyllobates Lötters, Jungfer & Widmer, 2000


Jiménez de la Espada, 1871 "1870", J. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat., Lisboa, 3: 59.
Páez-Vacas, M.I.; Coloma, L.A.; Santos, J.C. 2010: Systematics of the Hyloxalus bocagei complex (Anura: Dendrobatidae), description of two new cryptic species, and recognition of H. maculosus. Zootaxa, 2711: 1–75. Preview
Amphibian Species of the World 5.1 Hyloxalus access date 26 May 2008


Removed from the synonymy of Colostethus by Grant et. al. in 2006.
Vernacular names
English: Rocket Frogs

Hyloxalus is a genus of poison dart frogs.[1][2][3][4] The genus is distributed in Central and South America, from Panama south to Peru (along the Pacific coast), along with Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. They also inhabit the eastern foothills of the Andes in Bolivia to Venezuela, east to the upper Amazon Basin. Many Hyloxalus species, such as the cream-back, bear superficial resemblances to hylids, such as the presence of small webs between their toes, and the discs at the end of their toes are slightly adhesive. This may be one of the oldest of dendrobatid genera; if this is the case, the genus has changed little since it first evolved.

There are around 60 species:[3]

Hyloxalus abditaurantius (Silverstone, 1975)
Hyloxalus aeruginosus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus anthracinus (Edwards, 1971)
Hyloxalus arliensis Acosta-Galvis, Vargas-Ramírez, Anganoy-Criollo, Ibarra, and Gonzáles, 2020
Hyloxalus awa (Coloma, 1995)
Hyloxalus azureiventris (Kneller and Henle, 1985) Sky-blue poison frog
Hyloxalus betancuri (Rivero and Serna, 1991)
Hyloxalus bocagei Jiménez de la Espada, 1870
Hyloxalus borjai (Rivero and Serna, 2000)
Hyloxalus breviquartus (Rivero and Serna, 1986)
Hyloxalus cevallosi (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus chlorocraspedus (Caldwell, 2005)
Hyloxalus chocoensis Boulenger, 1912
Hyloxalus craspedoceps (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus delatorreae (Coloma, 1995)
Hyloxalus edwardsi (Lynch, 1982)
Hyloxalus elachyhistus (Edwards, 1971)
Hyloxalus eleutherodactylus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus exasperatus (Duellman and Lynch, 1988)
Hyloxalus excisus (Rivero and Serna, 2000)
Hyloxalus faciopunctulatus (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus fallax (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus fascianigrus (Grant and Castro-Herrera, 1998)
Hyloxalus felixcoperari Acosta-Galvis and Vargas Ramírez, 2018
Hyloxalus fuliginosus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870
Hyloxalus idiomelus (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus infraguttatus (Boulenger, 1898)
Hyloxalus insulatus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus italoi Páez-Vacas, Coloma, and Santos, 2010
Hyloxalus lehmanni (Silverstone, 1971)
Hyloxalus leucophaeus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus littoralis (Péfaur, 1984)
Hyloxalus maculosus (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus maquipucuna (Coloma, 1995)
Hyloxalus marmoreoventris (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus mittermeieri (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus mystax (Duellman and Simmons, 1988)
Hyloxalus nexipus (Frost, 1986)
Hyloxalus parcus (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus patitae (Lötters, Morales, and Proy, 2003)
Hyloxalus peculiaris (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus peruvianus (Melin, 1941)
Hyloxalus pinguis (Rivero and Granados-Díaz, 1990)
Hyloxalus pulchellus (Jiménez de la Espada, 1875)
Hyloxalus pulcherrimus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus pumilus (Rivero, 1991)
Hyloxalus ramosi (Silverstone, 1971)
Hyloxalus ruizi (Lynch, 1982)
Hyloxalus saltuarius (Grant and Ardila-Robayo, 2002)
Hyloxalus sanctamariensis Acosta-Galvis and Pinzón, 2018
Hyloxalus sauli (Edwards, 1974)
Hyloxalus shuar (Duellman and Simmons, 1988)
Hyloxalus sordidatus (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus spilotogaster (Duellman, 2004)
Hyloxalus subpunctatus (Cope, 1899) Cream-backed poison frog
Hyloxalus sylvaticus (Barbour and Noble, 1920)
Hyloxalus toachi (Coloma, 1995)
Hyloxalus utcubambensis (Morales, 1994)
Hyloxalus vergeli Hellmich, 1940
Hyloxalus vertebralis (Boulenger, 1899)
Hyloxalus whymperi (Boulenger, 1882)
Hyloxalus yasuni Páez-Vacas, Coloma, and Santos, 2010

Wikispecies has information related to Hyloxalus.

Emmet Reid Dunn. 1957. Neotropical frog genera: Prostherapis versus Hyloxalus, with remarks on Phyllobates. Copeia. 1957(2) :77-78.[dead link]
Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Hyloxalus Jiménez de la Espada, 1870". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 April 2015.
"BioLib - Hyloxalus". Retrieved 2011-11-24.

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