Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Hyperoliidae
Genus: Kassina
Species: K. arboricola – K. cassinoides – K. cochranae – K. decorata – K. fusca – K. jozani – K. kuvangensis – K. lamottei – K. maculata – K. maculifer – K. maculosa – K. mertensi – K. schioetzi – K. senegalensis – K. somalica – K. wazae

Kassina Girard, 1853

Type species: Cystignathus senegalensis Duméril & Bibron, 1841

Eremiophilus Fitzinger, 1843
Kassina Girard, 1853
Hylambates Duméril, 1853
Cassina — Cope, 1864
Cassiniopsis Monard, 1937


Girard, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 6: 421.
Amphibian Species of the World 5.1 Kassina access date 03 June 2008

Vernacular names
English: Running Frogs

Kassina is a genus of hyperoliid frogs, commonly referred to as running frogs or kassinas. They are found throughout sub-Saharan Africa.[1] They are characterized by preferring a distinctive "walking" with the back legs instead of the more traditional frog-hopping.[2]


The following species are recognized in the genus Kassina:[1][3]

Kassina arboricola Perret, 1985 — Ivory Coast running frog
Kassina cassinoides (Boulenger, 1903) — silver running frog
Kassina cochranae (Loveridge, 1941) — Cochran's running frog
Kassina decorata (Angel, 1940) - Decorated running frog
Kassina fusca Schiøtz, 1967 — brown running frog
Kassina jozani Msuya, Howell, and Channing, 2007
Kassina kuvangensis (Monard, 1937) — Kuvangu running frog
Kassina lamottei Schiøtz, 1967 — rainforest running frog
Kassina maculifer (Ahl, 1924) — Parker's running frog
Kassina maculosa (Sternfeld, 1917) — marbled running frog
Kassina mertensi Laurent, 1952 — Mertens' running frog
Kassina schioetzi Rödel, Grafe, Rudolf, and Ernst, 2002 — Schiøtz's running frog
Kassina senegalensis (Duméril and Bibron, 1841) — Senegal running frog
Kassina somalica Scortecci, 1932 — Somalian running frog
Kassina wazae Amiet, 2007

In captivity

K. maculata is frequently exported from Tanzania for the exotic pet trade. They require more horizontal space than vertical, being a terrestrial species. Their captive environment should include a substrate that accommodates burrowing, and provides high humidity. K. maculata will readily eat crickets and small mealworms,[4] although insects should be dusted with a vitamin supplement.[5]

Other species of running frogs are occasionally imported, with the K. senegalensis being the next most common species in captivity.[6]

It is the source of "kassinin", a frequently studied tachykinin peptide.[7]

Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Kassina Girard, 1853". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
Ahn, A. N.; E. Furrow; A. A. Biewener (2004). "Walking and running in the red-legged running frog, Kassina maculata". Journal of Experimental Biology. 207 (3): 399–410. doi:10.1242/jeb.00761. PMID 14691087.
"Hyperoliidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2016. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
"Red-Legged Walking Frog Kassina maculata". 2018-08-30.
"Understanding Dusting and Gut-loading, why it may be necessary, it's risks and pitfalls - Timberline". Retrieved 2018-08-30.
"Kassina sp. - breeding". Frog Forum. Retrieved 2018-08-30.

Perfumi M, de Caro G, Panocka I, Polidori C, Massi M (1988). "Effects of kassinin, a tachykinin of the skin of the African frog Kassina senegalensis, on body fluid homeostasis in rats". Pharmacological Research Communications. 20. Suppl 5: 67–70. doi:10.1016/S0031-6989(88)80843-9. PMID 3247356.

External links

Grace R, Lynn A, Cowsik S (2001). "Lipid induced conformation of the tachykinin peptide Kassinin". Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics. 18 (4): 611–21, 623–5. doi:10.1080/07391102.2001.10506693. PMID 11245256. S2CID 42266413.
Kassinin at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

Amphibia Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World