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Ognorhynchus icterotis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapodad
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes
Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Psittacinae
Tribus: Arini
Genus: Ognorhynchus
Species: Ognorhynchus icterotis


Ognorhynchus icterotis (Massena & Souance, 1854)


* IUCN link: Ognorhynchus icterotis (Massena & Souancé, 1854) (Critically Endangered)
* [1] Listed animal in CITES Appendix I

The Yellow-eared Parrot (Ognorhynchus icterotis), is an endangered parrot of tropical America. It is found in the western Andes in Colombia and (perhaps only formerly) Ecuador and is closely associated to the wax palm Ceroxylon sp. which is itself endangered.

Range and habitat

The Yellow-eared Parrot nests and lives among wax palms in a few areas of Western and Central Cordillera of Colombia, where it inhabits cloud forests about 1800–3000 meters above sea level. It nests in the hollow trunks of the palms, usually 25–30 meters over the floor level. It also occurred very locally in northern Ecuador where wax palm grows. Their numbers had been greatly reduced, and only 81 individuals were recorded in the Colombian census of 1999. Their populations have been impacted by hunting and habitat destruction, particularly the harvesting of wax palm, which was traditionally cut down and used each year on Palm Sunday. There has been no confirmed records of this parrot from Ecuador since the mid-90s.


It is a relatively large, long-tailed parrot with an average length of 42–46 centimetres (17–18 in) and a weight of about 285 grams (10.1 oz). It is overall green, with the underparts being paler, more lime green than the upperparts. The heavy beak and a ring of bare skin around the eyes are black. The origin of the common epithet "yellow-eared" is caused for the yellow patch of feathers that extends from the forehead down to its cheeks and ear-coverts. The Yellow-eared Parrot mates for life. Its main source of food are the fruits of the wax palm.

Conservation efforts

From 1998, Fundación ProAves with the support of Fundacion Loro Parque, American Bird Conservancy and CORANTIOQUIA have undertaken (in Colombia) an intensive conservation project that has led to one of Latin America's most successful recoveries of a critically endangered bird. With protection and community support, the Yellow-eared Parrot population has climbed to over 1000 individuals.[2]


1. ^ BirdLife International (2008). Ognorhynchus icterotis. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 8 May 2010.
2. ^ "Parrot Once Thought Extinct Now Numbers Over 1,000". www.abcbirds.org. http://www.abcbirds.org/newsandreports/releases/1005226.html. Retrieved 2010-05-28.

* Fundación ProAves
* Fundación Loro Parque
* BirdLife Species Factsheet

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Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License