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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis: Sarcopterygii
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Columbimorphae
Ordo: Columbiformes

Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Treroninae
Genus: Treron
Species: T. affinis – T. apicauda – T. aromaticus – T. australis – T. axillaris – T. bicinctus – T. calvus – T. capellei – T. chloropterus – T. curvirostra – T. floris – T. formosae – T. fulvicollis – T. griseicauda – T. griveaudi – T. olax – T. oxyurus – T. pembaensis – T. phayrei – T. phoenicopterus – T. pompadora – T. psittaceus – T. sanctithomae – T. seimundi – T. sieboldii – T. sphenurus – T. teysmannii – T. vernans – T. waalia


Treron Vieillot, 1816

Columba curvirostra J. F. Gmelin, 1789, = Treron curvirostra


Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire: 49.

Vernacular names
العربية: محاس
বাংলা: হরিয়াল
Deutsch: Grüntauben
English: Green Pigeons
Esperanto: Verdaj kolomboj
español: Vinago
suomi: Viherkyyhkyt
ગુજરાતી: હરીત કપોત પ્રજાતિ
հայերեն: Կանաչ աղավնիներ
Bahasa Indonesia: Punai
italiano: Piccione verde
日本語: アオバト属
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಗ್ಗುಲ
lietuvių: Žalieji karveliai
кырык мары: Ыжар кӓдӹвлӓ
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ငူငှက်
русский: Зелёные голуби
svenska: Grönduvor
Kiswahili: Ninga
ไทย: นกเปล้า
Tiếng Việt: Cu xanh
中文: 綠鳩屬

Treron is a genus of bird in the pigeon family Columbidae. Its members are commonly called green pigeons. The genus is distributed across Asia and Africa. This genus contains 29 species, remarkable for their green coloration, hence the common name, which comes from a carotenoid pigment in their diet. Green pigeons have diets of various fruits, nuts, and/or seeds. They dwell in trees and occupy a variety of wooded habitats. Members of this genus can be further grouped into species with long tails, medium-length tails, and wedge-shaped tails. Most species of green pigeon display sexual dimorphism, where males and females can be readily distinguished by different colored plumage.


Green pigeons usually live in groups but can be found in mating pairs. These birds like to live in wild environment, away from humans. But nowadays, it has been seen that these live on outskirts of cities and towns together with humans.

Their nest is made up of twigs and little branches similar to Common Doves and Pigeons. The height of nest is about 12–20 ft (3.7–6.1 m) high on trees that camouflage with their colour. One of their nest has been seen on Neem tree in Rajasthan India which exactly match with their body colour.

Eggs are laid 4–5 days after making of nest, and eggs hatch in 15–17 days. After hatching, chicks are fed by both male and female parents.


The genus Treron was introduced in 1816 by the French ornithologist Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot with the thick-billed green pigeon (Treron curvirostra) as the type species.[1][2] The genus name is from the Ancient Greek trērōn meaning "pigeon" or "dove".[3]

The genus contains 30 species:[4]

Cinnamon-headed green pigeon (Treron fulvicollis)
Little green pigeon (Treron olax)
Pink-necked green pigeon (Treron vernans)
Orange-breasted green pigeon (Treron bicinctus)
Pompadour green pigeon complex:
Sri Lanka green pigeon (Treron pompadora)
Grey-fronted green pigeon (Treron affinis)
Ashy-headed green pigeon (Treron phayrei)
Andaman green pigeon (Treron chloropterus)
Philippine green pigeon (Treron axillaris)
Buru green pigeon (Treron aromaticus)
Thick-billed green pigeon (Treron curvirostra)
Grey-cheeked green pigeon (Treron griseicauda)
Sumba green pigeon (Treron teysmannii)
Flores green pigeon (Treron floris)
Timor green pigeon (Treron psittaceus)
Large green pigeon (Treron capellei)
Yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus)
Bruce's green pigeon (Treron waalia)
Madagascar green pigeon (Treron australis)
Comoros green pigeon (Treron griveaudi)
African green pigeon (Treron calvus)
Pemba green pigeon (Treron pembaensis)
São Tomé green pigeon (Treron sanctithomae)
Pin-tailed green pigeon (Treron apicauda)
Sumatran green pigeon (Treron oxyurus)
Yellow-vented green pigeon (Treron seimundi)
Wedge-tailed green pigeon (Treron sphenurus)
White-bellied green pigeon (Treron sieboldii)
Ryukyu green pigeon (Treron permagnus)[5]
Taiwan green pigeon (Treron formosae)


Vieillot, Louis Jean Pierre (1816). Analyse d'une Nouvelle Ornithologie Élémentaire (in French). Paris: Deterville/self. p. 49.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1937). Check-List of Birds of the World. Vol. 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 14.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 389. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 16 March 2020.

"Species Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-06-18.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Treron.
Wikispecies has information related to Treron.

Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace; Cox, John (2001). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Yale University Press. pp. 425–456. ISBN 0-300-07886-2.

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